Calderwood, Moral Philosophy, 12-14; Wilberforce, Incarnation, 148- 169; Van Oosterzee, Dogmatics, 512-518.
(f) Effect upon the human. The union of the divine and the human natures makes the latter possessed of the powers belonging to the former. In other words, the attributes of the divine nature are imparted to the human without passing over into its essence, so that the human Christ even on earth had power to be, to know, and to do, as God. That this power was latent, or was only rarely manifested, was the result of the self-chosen state of humiliation upon which the God-man had entered. The Holy Spirit mediated communication between his divine nature and his human nature in this state of humiliation. The God-man, in his servant-form, knew and taught and performed only what the Spirit permitted and directed
( <400316>Matthew 3:16; <430334>John 3:34; <440102>Acts 1:2; 10:38; <580914>Hebrews 9:14). But when thus permitted, he knew, taught, and performed, not, like the prophets, by power communicated from without, but by virtue of his own inner divine energy ( <401702>Matthew 17:2; <410541>Mark 5:41; <420520>Luke 5:20, 21; 6:19; <430211>John 2:11, 24, 25; 3:13; 20:19).
Kahnis, Dogmatik, 2d ed., 2:77 ? ?Human nature does not become divine, but (as Chemnitz has said) only the medium of the divine; as the moon has not a light of her own but only shines in the light of the sun. So human nature may derivatively exercise divine attributes, because it is united to the divine in one person.? Mason, Faith of the Gospel, 151 ? ?Our souls spiritualize our bodies and will one day give us the spiritual body while yet the body does not become spirit. So the Godhead gives divine powers to the humanity in Christ while yet the humanity does not cease to be humanity.?
Philippi, Glaubenslehre, 4:131 ? ?The union exalts the human. As light brightens the air, heat gives glow to the iron, spirit exalts the body, the Holy Spirit hallows the believer by union with his soul. Fire gives to iron its own properties of lighting and burning yet the iron does not become fire. Soul gives to body its life-energy yet the body does not become soul. The Holy Spirit sanctifies the believer, but the believer does not become divine for the divine principle is the determining one. We do not speak of airy light, of iron heat or of a bodily soul. So human nature possesses the divine only derivatively. In this sense it is our destiny to become ?partakers of the divine nature? ( <610104>2 Peter 1:4).? Even in his earthly life, when he wished to be, or more correctly, when the Spirit permitted, he was omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, could walk the sea or pass
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