the New Christian Atonement, holds that Christ taught only reconciliation on condition of repentance. Paul added the idea of mediation drawn from the Platonic dualism of Philo. The Epistle to the Hebrews made Christ a sacrificial victim to propitiate God, so that the reconciliation became God- ward instead of man-ward. But Professor Paine?s view that Paul taught an Arian Mediator-ship is incorrect. ?God was in Christ? ( <470519>2 Corinthians 5:19) and God ?manifested in the flesh? ( <540316>1 Timothy 3:16) are the keynote of Paul?s teaching, and this is identical with John?s doctrine of the Logos: ?the Word was God,? and ?the Word became flesh? ( <430101>John 1:1, 14) .
The Outlook, December 15, 1900, in criticizing Prof. Paine, states three postulates of the New Trinitarianism as: 1. The essential kinship of God and man. In man there is an essential divinity, in God there is an essential humanness. 2. The divine immanence. This universal presence gives nature its physical unity, and humanity its moral unity. This is not pantheism, any more than the presence of mans spirit in all he thinks and does proves that man?s spirit is only the sum of his experiences. 3. God transcends all phenomena. Though in all, he is greater than all is. He entered perfectly into one man and through this indwelling in one man he is gradually entering into all men and filling all men with his fullness, so that Christ will be the first-born among many brethren. The defects of this view, which contains many elements of truth, are:
1. That it regards Christ as the product instead of the Producer, the divinely formed man instead of the humanly acting God and that Christ is the head man among men instead of the Creator and Life of humanity.
2. That it therefore, renders impossible any divine bearing of the sins of all men by Jesus Christ, and substitutes for it such a histrionic exhibition of God?s feeling and such a beauty of example as are possible within the limits of human nature. In other words, there is no real Deity of Christ and no objective atonement.
(d) S ACRIFICIAL . The atonement is described as
A work of priestly mediation, which reconciles God to men. Notice here that the term ?reconciliation? has its usual sense of removing enmity, not from the offending, but from the offended party; a sin-offering, presented on behalf of transgressors or a propitiation, which satisfies the demands of violated holiness and a substitution, of Christ?s obedience and sufferings for ours. These passages, taken together, show that Christ?s death is
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