without use of preexisting material ? belief that can be traced to no other source than the Old Testament Scriptures. Compare <023410>Exodus 34:10 ? I will do marvels such as have not been wrought [margin ?created?] in all the earth? <041630>Numbers 16:30 ? ?if Jehovah make a now thing? [margin ?create a creation?]; <230405>Isaiah 4:5 ? ?Jehovah will create? a cloud and smoke?; 41:20 ? ?the Holy One of Israel hath created it?; 45:7, 8 ? ?I form the light, and create darkness?; 57:19 ? ?I create the fruit of the lips? 65:17 ? ?I create new heavens and a new earth?; <243122>Jeremiah 31:22 ? ?Jehovah hath created a new thing?

<450417> Romans 4:17 ? ?God, who giveth life to the dead, and calleth the things that are not as though they were?; <460128>1 Corinthians 1:28 ? ?things that are not? [did God choose] ?that he might bring to naught the things that are?; <470406>2 Corinthians 4:6 ? ?God, that said, Light shall shine out of darkness? = created light without preexisting material ? for darkness is no material; <510116>Colossians 1:16, 17 ? ?in him were all things created? and he is before all things?; so also <193309>Psalm 33:9 ? ?he spake, and it was done?; 148:5 ? ?he commanded, and they were created.? See Philo, Creation of time World, chap. 1-7, and Life of Moses, book 3, chap. 36 ? ?He produced the most perfect work, the Cosmos, out of non-existence tou~ mh< o]ntov into being eijv to< ei=nai .? E.

H. Johnson, Systematic Theology, 94 ? ?We have no reason to believe that the Hebrew mind had the idea of creation out of invisible materials. But creation out of visible, materials is in <581103>Hebrews 11:3 expressly denied. This text is therefore equivalent to an assertion that the universe was made without the use of any preexisting materials.?

2. Indirect evidence from Scripture.

(a) The past duration of the world is limited;

(b) before the world began to be, each of the persons of the Godhead already existed;

(c) the origin of the universe is ascribed to God, and to each of the persons of the Godhead. These representations of Scripture are not only most consistent with the view that the universe was created by God without use of preexisting material, but they are inexplicable upon any other hypothesis.

<411319> Mark 13:19 ? ?from the beginning of the creation which God created until now?;

<490104> Ephesians 1:4 ? ?before the foundation of the world?

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