Theories of the Will, 201-214, finds in Reid?s Active Powers of the Human Mind the most adequate empirical defense of indetermination.
B. Will and other faculties.
(a) We accept the threefold division of human faculties into intellect, sensibility and will.
(b) Intellect is the soul knowing, sensibility is the soul feeling (desires, affections) and will is the soul choosing (end or means).
(c) In every act of the soul, all the faculties act. Knowing involves feeling and willing and willing involves knowing and feeling.
(d) Logically, each latter faculty involves the preceding action of the former; the soul must know before feeling and it must know and feel before willing.
(e) Yet since knowing and feeling are activities, neither of these is possible without willing.
Socrates to the^tetus: ?It would be a singular thing, my lad, if each of us was, as it were, a wooden horse, and within us were seated many separate senses. For manifestly these senses unite into one nature, call it the soul or what you will. And it is with this central form, through the organs of sense, that we perceive sensible objects.? Dewey, Psychology, 21 ? ?Knowledge and feeling are partial aspects of the self, and hence more or less abstract, while will is complete, comprehending both aspects. While the universal element is knowledge, the individual element is feeling and the relation which connects them into one concrete content is will.? 364 ? ?There is conflict of desires or motives. Deliberation is the comparison of desires; choice is the decision in favor of one. This desire is then the strongest because the sole force of the self is thrown into it.? 411 ? ?The man determines himself by setting up either good or evil as a motive to himself, and he sets up either, as he will have himself be. There is no thought without will, for thought implies inhibition.? Ribot, Diseases of the Will, 73, cites the case of Coleridge, and his lack of power to inhibit scattering and useless ideas; 114 ? ?Volition plunges its roots into the profoundest depths of the individual and beyond the individual into the species and into all species.?
As God is not mere nature but originating force, so man is chiefly will. Every other act of the soul has will as an element. Wundt: ?Jedes Denken ist ein Wollen.? There is no perception, and there is no thought without
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