and the general connections of Christian doctrine are sufficient to determine our duty.
(d) All the recorded cases show this to have been the order observed by the first Christians and sanctioned by the apostles.
<440241> Acts 2:41, 46 ? ?They then that received his word were baptized And day by day, continuing steadfastly with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread at home [rather, ?in various worship rooms?] they took their food with gladness and singleness of heart?; 8:2 ? ?But when they believed Philip...they were baptized?; 10:47, 48 ? ?Can any man forbid the water, that these should not be baptized, who have received the Holy Spirit as well as we? And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ?; 23:16 ? ?And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on his name?
(e) The symbolism of the ordinances requires that baptism should precede the Lord?s Supper. The order of the facts signified must be expressed in the order of the ordinances, which signify them, else the world, is taught that sanctification may take place without regeneration. Birth must come before sustenance ? ?nascimur, pascimur.? To enjoy ceremonial privileges, there must be ceremonial qualifications. As none but the circumcised could eat the Passover, so before eating with the Christian family must come adoption into the Christian family.
As one must be ?born of the Spirit? before he can experience the sustaining influence of Christ, so he must be ?born of water? before he can properly be nourished by the Lord?s Supper. Neither the unborn nor the dead can eat bread or drink wine. Only when Christ had raised the daughter of the Jewish ruler to life, did he say: ?Give her to eat.? The ordinance, which symbolizes regeneration, or the impartation of new life, must precede the ordinance, which symbolizes the strengthening and perfecting of the life already begun. The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles, dating back to the second half of the second century, distinctly declares (9:5, 10) ? ?Let no one eat or drink of your Eucharist except those baptized into the name of the Lord; for as regards this also the Lord has said: ?Give not that which is holy unto the dogs?...The Eucharist shall be given only to the baptized.?
(f) The standards of all evangelical denominations, with unimportant exceptions, confirm the view that this is the natural interpretation of the Scripture requirements respecting the order of the ordinances.
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