represent to itself always some other than itself as Judge, unless it is to arrive at a contradiction with itself.? See also his Critique of the Practical Benson, Werke, 8:214 ? ?Duty, thou sublime and mighty name, that hast in thee nothing to attract or win, but challengest submission; and yet dost threaten nothing to sway the will by that which may arouse natural terror or aversion, but merely holdest forth a Law; a Law which of itself finds entrance into the mind, and even while we disobey, against our will compels our reverence, a Law in presence of which all inclinations grow dumb, even while they secretly rebel; what origin is there worthy of thee? Where can we find the root of thy noble descent, which proudly rejects all kinship with the inclinations?? Archbishop Temple answers, in his Bampton Lectures, 58, 59, ?This eternal Law is the Eternal himself, the almighty God.? Robert Browning: ?The sense within me that I owe a debt Assures me ? Somewhere must be Somebody, Ready to take his due. All comes to this: Where due is, there acceptance follows: find him who accepts the due.?
Salter, Ethical Religion, quoted in Pfleiderer?s article on Religionless Morality, Am. Jour. Theol., 3:237 ? ?The earth and the stars do not create the law of gravitation which they obey; no more does man, or the united hosts of rational beings in the universe, create the law of duty.? The will expressed in the moral imperative is superior to ours, for otherwise it would issue no commands, Yet it is one with ours as the life of an organism is one with the life of its members, Theonomy is not heteronomy but the highest autonomy, the guarantee of our personal freedom against all servitude of man. Seneca: ?Deo parere libertas est.? Knight, Essays in Philosophy, 272 ? ?In conscience we see an ?alter ego?, in us yet not of us, another Personality behind our own.? Martineau, Types, 2:105 ? ?Over a person only a person can have authority...A solitary being, with no other sentient nature in the universe, would feel no duty?; Study, 1:26 ? ?As Perception gives us Will in the shape of Causality over against us in the Non-Ego, so Conscience gives us Will in the shape of Authority over against us in the Non-Ego...2:7 ? We cannot deduce the phenomena of character from an agent who has none.? Hutton, Essays, 1:41, 42 ? ?When we disobey conscience, the Power which has therein ceased to move us has retired only to observe ? to keep watch over us as we mould ourselves.? Cardinal Newman, Apologia, 377 ? ?Were it not for the voice speaking so clearly in my conscience and my heart, I should be an atheist, or a pantheist, or a polytheist, when I looked into the world.?
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