marriage. Here one party pledges the future in permanent self-surrender, commits one?s self to another person in confidence that this future, with all its new revelations of character, will only justify the decision made. Yet this is rational. See Holland, in Lux Mundi, 46-48. To put one?s hand into molten iron, even though one knows of the ?spheroidal state? that gives impunity, requires an exertion of will and not all workmen in metals are courageous enough to make the venture. The child who leaped into the dark cellar, in confidence that her father?s arms would be open to receive her, did not act irrationally because she had heard her father?s command and trusted his promise. Though faith in Christ is a leap in the dark and requires a mighty exercise of will, it is nevertheless the highest wisdom, because Christ?s ward is pledged that ?him that cometh to me will in no wise cast out? ( <430637>John 6:37).
J. W. A. Stewart: ?Faith is a bond between persons trust, confidence, it makes ventures and takes much for granted, its security is the character and power of him in whom we believe, not our faith, but his fidelity, is the guarantee that our faith is rational.? Kant said that nothing in the world is good but the good will, which freely obeys the law of the good. Pfleiderer defines faith as the free surrender of the heart to the gracious will of God. Kaftan, Dogmatik, 21, declares that the Christian religion is essentially faith, and that this faith manifests itself as doctrine, worship and morality.
(b) Reception and appropriation of Christ as the source of pardon and spiritual life.
<430112> John 1:12 ? ?as many as received him, to them gave he the right to become children of God, even to them that believe on his name?; 4:14 ? ?whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall become in him a well of water springing up unto eternal life?; 6:53 ? ?Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man and drink his blood, ye have not life in yourselves?; 20:31 ? ?these are written, that ye may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye may have life in his name?; <490317>Ephesians 3:17 ? ?that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith?; <581101>Hebrews 11:1 ? ?Now faith is assurance of things hoped for, a conviction of things not seen?: <660320>Revelation 3:20 ? ?Behold, I stand at the door and knock: if any man hear my voice and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.?
The three constituents of faith may be illustrated from the thought, feeling and action of a person who stands by a boat, upon a little island, which the rising stream threatens to submerge. He first regards the boat from a
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