impersonal intelligence ? less materialistic than that of Spinoza indeed, yet open to many of the same objections.

We object to this system as follows:

1. Its idea of God is self-contradictory, since it makes him infinite, yet consisting only of the finite; absolute, yet existing in necessary relation to the universe, supreme, yet shut up to a process of self-evolution and dependent for self-consciousness on man; without self-determination, yet the cause of all that is.

Saisset, Pantheism, 148 ? ?An imperfect God, yet perfection arising from imperfection.? Shedd, Hist. Doctrine, 1:13 ? ?Pantheism applies to God a principle of growth and imperfection, which belongs only to the finite.? Calderwood, Moral Plums. 245 ? Its first requisite is moment, or movement, which it assumes, but does not account for.? Caro?s sarcasm applies here: ?Your God is not yet made ? he is in process of manufacture.?? See H.B. Smith, Faith and Philosophy, 25. Pantheism is practical atheism, for impersonal spirit is only blind and necessary force. Angelus Silesius ?Wir beten ?Es gescheh?, mein Herr und Gott, dein Wille?; Und sieh?, Er hat nicht, ? Will Er ist ein ew?ge Stille? ? which Max Muller translates as follows: ?We pray, ?O Lord our God, Do thou thy holy Will; and see! God has no will; He is at peace and still.? Angelus Silesius consistently makes God dependent for self-consciousness on man:

?I know that God cannot live An instant without me; He must give up the ghost, If I should cease to be.? Seth, Hegelianism and Personality: ?Hegelianism destroys both God and man. It reduces man to an object of the universal Thinker, and leaves this universal Thinker without any true personality.? Pantheism is a game of solitaire, in which God plays both sides.

2. Its assumed unity of substance is not only without proof, but also it directly contradicts our intuitive judgments. These testify that we are not parts and particles of God, but distinct personal subsistence.

Martineau, Essays, 1:158 ?Even for immanency, there must be something wherein to dwell, and for life, something whereon to act.? Many systems of monism contradict consciousness; they confound harmony between two with absorption in one. ?In Scripture we never find the universe called to< pa~n , for this suggests the idea of a self-contained unity: we have everywhere ta< pa>nta instead.? The Bible recognizes the element of truth in pantheism ? God is ?through all?; also the element of truth in

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