between God and men, himself man, Christ Jesus.? On this passage Prof. L. L. Paine remarks in the New World, Dec. 1894 ? ?That Paul ever confounded Christ with God himself or regarded him as in any way the Supreme Divinity, is a position invalidated not only by direct statements, but also by the whole drift of his epistles.?
(b) Old Testament descriptions of God are applied to him.
This application to Christ of titles and names exclusively appropriated to God is inexplicable, if Christ was not regarded as being himself God. The peculiar awe with which the term ?Jehovah? was set apart by a nation of strenuous monotheists as the sacred and incommunicable name of the one self-existent and covenant-keeping God forbids the belief that the Scripture writers could have used it as the designation of a subordinate and created being.
<400303> Matthew 3:3 ? ?Make ye ready the way of the Lord? is a quotation from <234003>Isaiah 40:3 ? ?Prepare ye? the way of Jehovah.? <431241>John 12:41 ? ?These things said Isaiah, because he saw his glory; and he spake of him? [i.e., Christ] ? refers to <230601>Isaiah 6:1 ? ?In the year that King Uzziah died I saw the Lord sitting upon a throne.? So in
<490407> Ephesians 4:7, 8 ? ?measure of the gift of Christ? led captivity captive? ? is an application to Christ of what is said of Jehovah in
<196818> Psalm 68:18. In <600315>1 Peter 3:15, moreover, we read, with all the great uncials, several of the Fathers, and all the best versions: ?sanctify in your hearts Christ as Lord?; here the apostle borrows his language from
<230813> Isaiah 8:13, where we read: ?Jehovah of hosts, him shall ye sanctify.? When we remember that, with the Jews, God?s covenant title was so sacred that for the KethÓb ( = ?written?) Jehovah there was always substituted the Keri ( = ?read? ? imperative) Adonai, in order to avoid pronunciation of the great Name, it seems the more remarkable that the Greek equivalent of ?Jehovah? should have been so constantly used of Christ. Cf. <451009>Romans 10:9 ? ?confess ? Jesus as Lord?; <461203>1 Corinthians 12:3 ? ?no man can say, Jesus is Lord, but in the Holy Spirit.? We must remember also the indignation of the Jews at Christ?s assertion of his equality and oneness with the Father. Compare Goethe?s, ?Wer darf ihn nennen?? with Carlyle?s, ?the awful Unnamable of this Universe.? The Jews, it has been said, have always vibrated between monotheism and money-theism. Yet James, the strongest of Hebrews, in his Epistle uses the word ?Lord, freely and alternately of God the Father and of Christ the Son. This would have been impossible if James had not believed in the community of essence between the Son and the Father.
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