not consummate it. Through his rising from the dead he was able to come into that relationship to the believer which restores the lost or interrupted son-ship. In the church the fact of the resurrection is perpetuated, and the idea of the resurrection is realized.
(c) dikai>wma ? is the act, as already accomplished, of declaring a man just, that is, no longer exposed to penalty, but restored to God?s favor
( <450516>Romans 5:16, 18; cf . <540316>1 Timothy 3:16). Hence, in other connections, dikai>wma has the meaning of statute, legal decision, act of justice ( <420106>Luke 1:6; <450226>Romans 2:26; <580901>Hebrews 9:1).
<450516> Romans 5:16, 18 ? ?of many trespasses unto justification through one act of righteousness?; cf. <540316>1 Timothy 3:16 ? ?justified in the spirit.? The distinction between dikai>wsiv and dikai>wma may be illustrated by the distinction between poesy and poem, the former denoting something in process, an ever-working spirit; the latter denoting something fully accomplished, a completed work. Hence dikai>wma is used in Luke l:6 ? ?ordinances of the Lord?. <450226>Romans 2:26 ? ?ordinances of the law?; <580109>Hebrews 1:9 ? ?ordinances of divine service.?
(d) dikaiosu>nh ? is the state of one justified, or declared just ( <450810>Romans 8:10; <460130>1 Corinthians 1:30). In <451003>Romans 10:3, Paul inveighs against th<n ijdi>an dikaiosu>nhn as insufficient and false, and in its place would put th<n tou~ Qeou~ dikaiosu>nhn ? that is, a dikaiosu>nh which God not only requires, but provides, which is not only acceptable to God, but proceeds from God and is appropriated by faith, hence called dikaiosu>nh pi>stewv or ejk pi>stewv . ?The primary signification of the word, in Paul?s writings, is therefore that state of the believer which is called forth by God?s act of acquittal, the state of the believer as justified,? that is, freed from punishment and restored to the divine favor.
<450810> Romans 8:10 ? the spirit is life because of righteousness? <460130>1 Corinthians 1:30 ? ?Christ Jesus, who was made unto us righteousness?;
<451003> Romans 10:3 ? ?being ignorant of God?s righteousness and seeking to establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God.? Shedd, Dogmatic Theology, 2:542 ? ?The ?righteousness of God? is the active and passive obedience of incarnate God.? See, on dikaiosu>nh , Cremer, N. T. Lexicon, Eng. trans., 174; Meyer on Romans, trans., 68-70 ? ? dikaiosu>nh Qeou~ (gen. of origin, emanation from) = rightness which proceeds from God ? the relation of being right
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