nor to redeem the fallen, nor to secure the greatest happiness of the universe. But he is bound to purpose and to do what his absolute holiness requires. He has no attributer no will, no sovereignty, above this law of his being. He cannot lie, he cannot deny himself, he cannot look upon sin with complacency, he cannot acquit the guilty without an atonement.?
(d) Neither justice nor righteousness bestows rewards. This follows from the fact that obedience is due to God, instead of being optional or a gratuity. No creature can claim anything for his obedience. If God rewards, he rewards in virtue of his goodness and faithfulness, not in virtue of his justice or his righteousness. What the creature cannot claim, however, Christ can claim, and the rewards, which are goodness to the creature are righteousness to Christ. God rewards Christ?s work for us and in us.
Bruch, Eigenschaftslehr, 280-282, and John Austin, Province of Jurisprudence, 1:88-93, 220-223, both deny, and rightly deny, that justice bestows rewards. Justice simply punishes infractions of law. In
<402534> Matthew 25:34 ? ?inherit the kingdom? ? inheritance implies no merit; 46 ? the wicked are adjudged to eternal punishment; the righteous, not to eternal reward, but to eternal life. Like 17:7-10 ? ?when ye shall have done all the things that are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants; we have done that which it was our duty to do.?
<450623> Romans 6:23 ? punishment is the ?wages of sin? but salvation is ?the gift of God?; 2:6 ? God rewards not on account of man?s work but ?according to his works.? Reward is thus seen to be in Scripture a matter of grace to the creature; only to the Christ who works for us in atonement, and in us in regeneration and sanctification, is reward a matter of debt (see also <430627>John 6:27 and 2 John 8. Martineau, Types, 2:86, 244, 249 ? ?Merit is toward man; virtue toward God.?
All mere service is unprofitable, because it furnishes only an equivalent to duty, and there is no margin. Works of supererogation are impossible, because our all is due to God. He would have us rise into the region of friendship, realize that he has been treating us not as Master but as Father, enter into a relation of uncalculating love. With this proviso that rewards are matters of grace, not of debt, we may assent to the maxim of Solon: ?A republic walks upon two feet ? just punishment for the unworthy and due reward for the worthy.? George Harris, Moral Evolution, 139 ? ?Love seeks righteousness, and is satisfied with nothing other than that.? But when Harris adopts the words of the poet: ?The very wrath from pity grew, From love of men the hate of wrong,? he seems to us virtually to deny that God hates evil for any other reason than because
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