as meaning ?unto all men, and upon all believers? ( eijv = destination; ejpi> = extent). But the Revised Version omits the words ?and upon all,? and Meyer, who retains the words, remarks that tou<v pisteu>ontav belongs to pa>ntav in both instances.
Unconscious participation in the atonement of Christ, by virtue of our common humanity in him, makes us the heirs of much temporal blessing. Conscious participation in the atonement of Christ, by virtue of our faith in him and his work for us, gives us justification and eternal life. Matthew Henry said that the Atonement is ?sufficient for all; effectual for many.?
J. M. Whiton, in The Outlook, Sept. 25, 1897 ? ?It was Samuel Hopkins of Rhode Island (1721 ? 1803) who first declared that Christ had made atonement for all men, not for the elect part alone, as Calvinists affirmed.? We should say ?as some Calvinists affirmed? for, as we shall see, John Calvin himself declared that ?Christ suffered for the sins of the whole world.? Alfred Tennyson once asked an old Methodist woman what was the news. ?Why, Mr. Tennyson, there?s only one piece of news that I know ? that Christ died for all men.? And he said to her: ?That is old news and good news and new news.?
If it is asked in what sense Christ is the Savior of all men, we reply:
(a) That the atonement of Christ secures for all men a delay in the execution of the sentence against sin and a space for repentance together with a continuance of the common blessings of life which have been forfeited by transgression.
If strict justice had been executed, the race would have been cut off at the first sin. That man lives after sinning is due wholly to the Cross. There is a pretermission, or passing over of the sins done aforetime, in the forbearance of God. ( <450325>Romans 3:25), the justification of which is found only in the sacrifice of Calvary. This ??passing over,? however, is limited in its duration. See <441730>Acts 17:30, 31 ? ?The times of ignorance therefore God overlooked but now he commandeth men that they should all everywhere repent: inasmuch as he hath appointed a day in which he will judge the world in righteousness by the man whom he hath ordained.?
One may get the benefit of the law of gravitation without understanding much about its nature and patriarchs and heathen have doubtless been saved through Christ?s atonement although they have never heard his name but have only cast themselves as helpless sinners upon the mercy of God. The mercy of God was Christ though they did not know it. Our modern pious Jews will experience a strange surprise when they find that
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