attribute the noble impulses of unregenerate men. These impulses are drawings of his Spirit, moving men to repentance. But they are influences of his grace, which if resisted, leave the soul in more than its original darkness.

2. Proof from history, observation, and the common judgment of mankind.

(a) History witnesses to the universality of sin, in its accounts of the universal prevalence of priesthood and sacrifice.

See references in Luthardt, Fund. Truths, 161-172, 335-339. Baptist Review, 1882:343 ? ?Plutarch speaks of the tear-stained eyes, the pallid and woebegone countenances which he sees at the public altars, men rolling themselves in the mire and confessing their sins. Among the common people the dull feeling of guilt was too real to be shaken off or laughed away.?

(b) Every man knows of himself to have come short of moral perfection and, in proportion to his experience of the world, recognizes the fact that every other man has come short of it also.

Chinese proverb: ?There are but two good men; one is dead, and the other is not yet born.? Idaho proverb: ?The only good Indian is a dead Indian.? But the proverb applies to the white man also. Dr. Jacob Chamberlain, the missionary, said: ?I never but once in India heard a man deny that he was a sinner. But once a Brahmin interrupted me and said, ?I deny your premises. I am not a sinner. I do not need to do better.? For a moment I was abashed. Then I said: ?But what do your neighbors say?? Thereupon one cried out: ?He cheated me in trading horses?; another: ?He defrauded a widow of her inheritance.? The Brahmin went out of the house, and I never saw him again.? A great nephew of Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Joseph Sheridan Le Faun, when a child, wrote in a few lines an ?Essay on the Life of Man,? which ran as follows: ?A man?s life naturally divides itself into three distinct parts. The first when he is contriving and planning all kinds of villainy and rascality, that is the period of youth and innocence. In the second, he is found putting in practice all the villainy and rascality he has contrived, that is the flower of mankind and prime of life. The third and last period is that when he is making his soul and preparing for another world, that is the period of dotage.?

(c) The common judgment of mankind declares that there is an element of selfishness in every human heart and that every man is prone to some form of sin. This common judgment is expressed in the maxims: ?No man is

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