Regeneration is not entirely the work of God, it must be completed by man. It is not wholly a change of heart, it is also a change in outward action. We see in this system of thought the beginnings of sacramentalism, and we regard it as containing the same germs of error, which are more fully developed in pedobaptist doctrine. Shakespeare represents this dew in Henry V. 1:2 ? ?What you speak is in your conscience washed As pure as sin with baptism ?; Othello, 2:3 ? Desdemona could Win the moor ? were?t to renounce his baptism ? All seals and symbols of redeemed sin.?
Dr. G. W. Lasher, in the Journal and Messenger, holds that <400311>Matthew 3:11 ? ?I indeed baptize you in water unto eijv repentance? ? does not imply that baptism effects the repentance. The baptism was because of the repentance, for John refused to baptize those who did not give evidence of repentance before baptism. <401042>Matthew 10:42 ? ?whosoever shall give...a cup of cold water only, in eijv the name of a disciple? ? the cup of cold water does not put one into the name of a disciple, or make him a disciple. <401241>Matthew 12:41 ? ?The men of Nineveh... repented at eijv the preaching of Jonah? = because of. Dr. Lasher argues that, in all these cases, the meaning of eijv is ?in respect to,? ?with reference to.? So he would translate <440238>Acts 2:38 ? ?Repent ye, and be baptized...with respect to, in reference to, the remission of sins.? This is also the view of Meyer. He maintains that bapti>zein eijv always means ?baptize with reference to (cf. <402819>Matthew 28:19; <461012>1 Corinthians 10:12;
<480327> Galatians 3:27; <440238>Acts 2:38; 8:16; 19:5). We are brought through baptism, he would say, into fellowship with his death, so that we have a share ethically in his death, through the cessation of our life to sin.
The better parallel, however, in our judgment, is found in Romans 10:l0 ? ?with the heart man believeth unto eijv righteousness and with the mouth confession is made unto eijv salvation,? where evidently salvation is the end to which works the whole change and process, including both faith and confession. So Broadus makes John?s ?baptism unto repentance? mean baptism in order to repentance, repentance including both the purpose of the heart and the outward expression of it, or baptism in order to complete and thorough repentance. Expositor?s Greek Testament, on
<440238> Acts 2:38 ? ?unto the remission of your sins?: ? eijv , unto, signifying the aim.? For the High Church view, see Sadler, Church Doctrine, 41124. On F. W. Robertson?s view of Baptismal Regeneration, see Gordon, in Bap. Quar., 1869:405. On the whole matter of baptism for the remission of sins, see Gates, Baptists and Disciples (advocating the Disciple view); Willmarth, in Bap. Quar., 1877:1-26 (verging toward the
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