instinctively cry to God for help. In the commands and reproaches of the moral nature the soul recognizes a Lawgiver and Judge whose voice conscience merely echoes. Aristotle called man ?a political animal?; it is still truer, as Sabatier declares, that ?man is incurably religious.? St. Bernard: ?Noverim me, noverim te.? O.P. Gifford: ?As milk, from which under proper conditions cream does not rise, is not milk, so the man, who upon proper occasion shows no knowledge of God, is not man, but brute.? We must not however expect cream from frozen milk. Proper environment and conditions are needed.
It is the recognition of a divine Personality in nature, which constitutes the greatest merit, and charm of Wordsworth?s poetry. In his Tintern Abbey, he speaks of ?A presence that disturbs me with the joy of elevated thoughts; a sense sublime of something far more deeply interfused. Whose dwelling is the light of setting suns, And the round ocean and the living air, And the blue sky and in the mind of man: A motion and a spirit that impels All thinking things, all objects of all thought, And rolls through all things.? Robert Browning sees God in humanity, as Wordsworth sees God in nature. In his Hohenstiel ? Schwangau he writes: ?This is the glory, that in all conceived Or felt or known, I recognize a Mind ? Not mine, but like mine ? for the double joy Making all things for me and me for Him.? John Ruskin held that the foundation of beauty in the world is the presence of God in it. In his youth he tells us that he had ?a continual perception of sanctity in the whole of nature, from the slightest thing to the vastest ? an instinctive awe mixed with delight, an indefinable thrill such as we sometimes imagine to indicate the presence of a disembodied spirit.? But it was not a disembodied, but an embodied, Spirit that he saw. Nitzsch, Christian Doctrine 67 ? ?Unless education and culture were preceded by an innate consciousness of God as an operative predisposition, there would be nothing for education and culture to work upon.? On Wordsworth?s recognition of a divine personality in nature, see Knight, Studies, 282-317, 405-426; Hutton, Essays, 2:113
C. That he who denies God?s existence must tacitly assume that existence in his very argument by employing logical processes whose validity rests upon the fact of God?s existence. The full proof of this belongs under the next head.
?I am an atheist, God knows? ? was the absurd beginning of an argument to disprove the divine existence. Cutler, Beginning of Ethics, 22 ? ?Even the Nihilists, whose first principle is that God and duty are great bugbears to be abolished, assume that God and duty exist, and they are impelled by a sense of duty to abolish them.? Mrs. Browning, the Cry of
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