Pantheism is that method of thought which conceives of the universe as the development of one intelligent and voluntary, yet impersonal, substance, which reaches consciousness only in man. It therefore identifies God, not with each individual object in the universe, but with the totality of things. The current Pantheism of our day is idealistic.
The elements of truth in Pantheism are the intelligence and voluntariness of God, and his immanence in the universe; its error lies in denying God?s personality and transcendence.
Pantheism denies the real existence of the finite, at the same time that it deprives the Infinite of self-consciousness and freedom. See Hunt, History of Pantheism; Manning, Half truths and the Truth; Bayne, Christian Life, Social and Individual, 21-53; Hutton, on Popular Pantheism, in Essays, 1:55-76 ? ?The pantheist?s ?I believe in God?, is a contradiction. He says: ?I perceive the external as different from myself: but on further reflection, I perceive that this external was itself the percipient agency.? So the worshiped is really the worshiper after all.? Harris, Philosophical Basis of Theism, 173 ? ?Man is a bottle of the ocean?s water, in the ocean, temporarily distinguishable by its limitation within the bottle, but lost again in the ocean, so soon as these fragile limits are broken.?
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