1. Proofs from the New Testament
A. The Father is recognized as God ? and that in so great a number of passages (such as <430627>John 6:27 ? ?him the Father, even God, hath sealed,? and <600102>1 Peter 1:2 ? ?foreknowledge of God the Father?) that we need not delay to adduce extended proof.
B. Jesus Christ is recognized as God. (a) He is expressly called God.
In <430101>John 1:1 ? Qeo<v h=n oj lo>gov ? the absence of the article shows Qeo<v to be the predicate ( cf . 4:24 pneu~ma oJ Qeo<v . This predicate precedes the verb by way of emphasis, to indicate progress in the thought ? ?the Logos was not only with God, but was God? (see Meyer and Luthardt, Comm. in loco) . ? Only oJ lo>gov can be the subject, for in the whole introduction the question is, not who God is, but who the Logos is? (Godet).
Westcott in Bible Commentary, in loco ? ?The predicate stands emphatically first. It is necessarily without the article, inasmuch as it describes the nature of the ?Word and does not identify his person. It would be pure Sabellianism to say: ?The Word was oJ Qeo<v .? Thus in verse 1 we have set forth the Word in his absolute eternal being, (a) his existence: beyond time; (b) his personal existence: in active communion with God; (c) his nature: God in essence.? Marcus Dods, in Expositor?s Greek Testament, in loco : ?The Word is distinguishable from God, yet Qeo<v h=n oJ lo>gov ? the word was God, of divine nature: not ?a God,? which to a Jewish ear would have been abominable, nor yet identical with all that can be called God, for then the article would have been inserted (cf . <620304>1 John 3:4).?
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