Chapter

CORROBORATIVE EVIDENCES OF GOD?S EXISTENCE

Although the knowledge of God?s existence is intuitive, it may be explicated and confirmed by arguments drawn from the actual universe and from the abstract ideas of the human mind.

Remark 1. These arguments are probable, not demonstrative. For this reason they supplement each other, and constitute a series of evidences which is cumulative in its nature. Though, taken singly, none of them can be considered absolutely decisive, they together furnish a corroboration of our primitive conviction of God?s existence, which is of great practical value, and is in itself sufficient to bind the moral action of men.

Butler, Analogy, Introduction, Bohn?s ed., 72 ? Probable evidence admits of degrees, from the highest moral certainty to the lowest presumption. Yet probability is the guide of life. In matters of morals and religion, we are not to expect mathematical or demonstrative, but only probable, evidence, and the slightest preponderance of such evidence may be sufficient to bind our moral action. The truth of our religion, like the truth of common matters, is to be judged by the whole evidence taken together; for probable proofs, by being added, not only increase the evidence, but multiply it. Dove. Logic of Christ. Faith, 24 ? Value of the arguments taken together is much greater than that of any single one. Illustrated from water, air and food, together but not separately, supporting life; value of £1000 note, not in paper, stamp, writing, signature, taken separately. A whole bundle of rods cannot be broken, though each rod in the bundle may be broken separately. The strength of the bundle is the strength of the whole. Lord Bacon, Essay on Atheism: ?A little philosophy inclineth man?s mind to atheism, but depth in philosophy bringeth men?s minds about to religion. For while the mind of man looketh upon second causes scattered, it may sometimes rest in them and go no further, but, when it beholdeth the chain of them confederate and linked together, it must needs fly to Providence and Deity.? Murphy, Scientific Bases of Faith, 221-223 ? ?The proof of a God and of a spiritual world which is to satisfy us must consist in a number of different but converging lines of proof.?

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