G

Gericke, Wolfgang, 38, 135, 164 n. 35, 183 n. 106 Germany; Lessing in the intellectual history of, 3-4, 6-7, 89-90, 117-18, 148 n. 9, 149 n. 17; Lessing in the Protestant history of, 5-7, 18, 55, 67, 69-70, 135, 140-41, 149-50 n.22, 168 n. 24; rationalistic theology in, 151 n. 35 (see also rationalism); reception of Spinoza's philosophy in, 177 n. 3, 178 n. 19; social and political situation in the eighteenth century, 8, 150 n. 33, 150-51 n.34 Gerrish, Brian A., 180 n. 59 Gleim, Johann Wilhelm Ludwig, 136, 137, 138 Göbel, Helmut, 171 n. 17, 174 n. 45

God; and absolute truth, 24, 115, 116, 143, 168 n. 24; as educator, 97-100, 102, 103; Lessing's understanding of, 37-39, 114, 134, 136-39; in Nathan the Wise, 86-87; and revelation, 105, 113; and salvation history, 97; self-replication of, 38-39, 139, 157-58 n.44, 158 nn. 48, 49 (see also pantaentheism) See also providence Goethe, Johann Wolfgang (1749-1832), 4, 117, 120-21, 130-32, 147 n. 7, 153 n. 6, 181 n. 80

Goeze, Johann Melchior (1717-1786); attack by, on Lessing's assertions, 19-20, 28, 42, 45-47, 73; as defender of orthodoxy, 19, 42, 44, 161 n. 56, 162 n. 73; as "the Inquisitor," 42, 51, 151 n. 34; on Lessing's "advocacy of the author," 53, 161 n. 56; on Lessing's idea of the inner truth of religion, 46-47, 62; on Lessing's "theater logic," 10, 152 n. 54; as model for the Patriarch of Jerusalem in

Nathan the Wise, 75 See also controversy, Lessing-Goeze Göpfert, Herbert G., 148 n. 8, 156 n. 12 gospel; of John, 64-65,164 n. 47 (see alsoTestament of John); new eternal, 66-67, 107-10, 165 n. 55, 174 nn. 47, 48 Gross, Christian, 108

Guhrauer, Gottschalk Eduard, 167 n. 17 Guthke, Karl S., 5, 148 n. 10

"gymnastic" expression. See thinking, "gymnastically"

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