Chronology of Events

1230B.C.E.

First settlement of the Israelites in Canaan

1000-960

David King of Israel

753

Founding of Rome

587-537

Exile of the Jews in Babylon

509

Foundation of the Roman Republic

332-63

Alexander the Great: Greeks and Hellenism

166-142

Maccabean Revolt

63

Roman Occupation of Palestine

31

Battle of Actium: Octavian defeats Antony and Cleopatra

4

Death of Herod the Great and Birth of Jesus

19 C.E.

Tiberius expels Jews from Rome

35

Stoning of the proto-martyr Stephen

38

Riots against Jews in Alexandria, embassy to Caligula

41

Persecution of Agrippa I; Peter arrested

49

Claudius expels Jews from Rome

50

Apostolic Council of Jerusalem

58

Paul appears before Agrippa II

64

Martyrdoms of Peter and Paul

66-73

First Jewish War

70

Destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem

95

Domitian persecutes "Judaizers"

110

Pliny and Trajan exchange letters about the Christians

124

Hadrian's Rescript to Minucius Fundanus

132-

135

Second Jewish War under Bar Kochba

161

Antoninus Pius: martyrs

177

Marcus Aurelius: martyrs of Lyon

202

Septimius Severus: martyrdom of Perpetua

212

Constitutio Antoniniana: Caracalla grants citizenship to all

249-

-251

Persecution of Decius

258-

260

Persecutions of Decius and Valerian

271

Aurelian and the Temple of Sol Invictus

284

Diocletian founds Tetrarchy

303-

-313

Persecution of Diocletian

312

Constantine's vision at the Milvian Bridge

313

Edict of Toleration

325

Council of Nicea

330

Constantinople founded

354

Codex-Calendar produced

382-384

The altar of Victory debates

391

Theodosius bans pagan religious practices and closes

temples temples

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