Pessimism and positivism science religion and Darwins legacy

Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach (1804-72) in Das Wesen des Christentums (The essence of Christianity, 1841) claimed that anthropology is the secret clue to theology. Rather than seeing man's knowledge of God as itself a part of the dialectical self-knowledge of the divine subject, Feuerbach reduced human knowledge of God into human self-knowledge. What is falsely assumed to be knowledge of a divine subject is, in fact, the projection of facts about the human species considered as a whole: divine and infinite. Bruno Bauer (1809-82) saw this in his Posaune des jiingsten Gerichts wider Hegel, den Atheisten und Antichristen (Proclaiming the last judgement against Hegel, atheists and the opponents of Christians, 1841) as the veiled intention of Hegel himself. But Feuerbach saw Hegel's Logik as a genuine theology that fell into the same trap as all other forms - the false objectification of an essentially immanent consciousness. Furthermore, Hegel (for Feuerbach) was hamstrung by

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