These differences among individuals and leaders within both the Revolution and Christianity indicate the complex process attending the emergence of the Filipino nation. Arguing against the stereotype of a proletarian Revolution taken over and betrayed to the Americans by the wealthy ilustrado class, Schumacher speaks of 'the many revolutions within the one Revolution', the distinct views and interests of the liberal ilustrados, the economic elite, the native clergy and the masses which were interwoven into the fabric of an 'imagined nation' at the outbreak of the Revolution.41 Within this complex process was born 'a new historical person: the Filipino [into whom] disappeared, for most political purposes at least, the indio, the mestizo, and the criollo'.42
Similarly, Christian involvement in the Revolution must be seen as including the native clergy and the ordinary supporters of the Revolution. The native clergy's general support and active engagement grew out of their nationalist advocacy of racial equality within the church and their loss of hope in the possibility of reforms under the colonial framework. Those influenced by the Christ story among supporters of the Revolution participated because of their solidarity (pakikiramay) with Christ and their desire for kalayaan (freedom) which, as Ileto points out,43 differed from ilustrado independencia. Through the participation of both groups seeking alternative social relations, the Revolution finally dissociated the church from the Patronato.
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