Christians. Protestantism in Korea, like Catholicism, was self-evangelised from the beginning.
From the mid-i880s foreign missionaries began to arrive, including Horace N. Allen (1884) and Horace G. Underwood of the Northern Presbyterian Church, USA (1885), and Henry G. Appenzeller of the Northern Methodist Church, USA (1885). Almost immediately afterwards, several other missionaries, mostly Methodists and Presbyterians from the United States, arrived in Korea so that by the end of the 1880s, a foreign mission enterprise was well under way, built upon the foundations laid by the earliest converts. Because the open propagation of Christianity was still prohibited by the prince regent's anti-Christian edict of 1866, most overt missionary work until the mid-i890s was accomplished through educational and medical institutions. However, baptisms and the creation of church organisations did take place, although surreptitiously throughout the 1880s. Many of Korea's major institutions trace their origins to this period, including three medical institutions, Paejae Boys' High School, Ewha Girls' High School (which later established Ewha Woman's University), the first modern publishing house the Tri-Lingual Press, and the Religious Tract Society.
In 1890, the missionaries, who had begun to plan a formal strategy for mission and the creation of an independent church, asked John L. Nevius, a Northern Presbyterian missionary and mission strategist in Shandong, China, to explain his mission methods to them. The principles which he enunciated, now called the Nevius Method, for creating a self-propagating, self-governing and self-supporting church, became the standard mission policy for all major Protestant groups in Korea. Although not large, the numbers of converts during the 1890s increased significantly. Contrasted with missions in China or Japan at a similar stage, Protestant missionaries in Korea saw greater success in this respect. The Church of England (SPG) mission was inaugurated with the arrival of Bishop CharlesJ. Corfe, a High Churchman, in 1890. This decade saw increased literary and scholarly work, notably with the creation of a Korean-English dictionary and translations of devotional works such as The pilgrim's progress, and the creation of a Permanent Executive Bible Translation Committee in 1893, an outgrowth of an earlier body, to produce a standard Korean translation to replace the Ross translation.
In the decade leading up to Japan's annexation of Korea in 1910, Protestant adherence grew to over 10,000 persons, a result which is often attributed to the Great Revival of 1907 in P'yongyang which affected communities throughout the peninsula and even in Manchuria. Although the event must be seen within the context of the political uncertainties of the time, the Great Revival did
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