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Arminianism 55 Arnold, Matthew 42 Arnold, Thomas 42,138,184,306,319 art 103-4

neo-classical 116-17 and theology 30-1, 50-1 see also architecture Asbury, Francis 360-1 Assemblies of God 372

Assyrian Church of the East 459, 461, 463, 465

Assyriology 194

Atigassiz, Louis 176, 260

atonement, in Nonconformity 57

Attwood, Thomas 132

Australia 542-50

as Christian nation 542, 547-8, 597

church architecture 109,110

denominations 542-3, 550

and gender issues 548-9

and immigration 544

missions to Aborigines 545

origins and foundations 542

and Protestantism 63, 542, 544, 547-8, 549

and revivalism 543

and Roman Catholicism 99,151, 256-7, 542, 544, 545, 546-7, 549

Austria and church music 122,126 and Germany 283, 288, 292-3 and Hungary 260-9 and papacy 14,15,18,19, 24, 234, 235, 261

and Poland 274, 276, 278, 413 and religion and politics 296-7 and Risorgimento 238-42, 243-4, 249, 292 and Uniate churches 412, 413-14, 423 see also Josephinism

Azariah, V S. 573

Azeglio, Massimo d' 237, 241, 244

Baader, Franz von 33, 40, 43,147 Bach, J. S. 121,128,130,131, 206 Baini, Giuseppe 123,125,126 Balagtas, Francisco Balthazar 533-4 Bangs, Nathan 362

Baptist Missionary Society (BMS) 444, 446,

450, 451 Baptists 54, 55, 65 in Australia 543 in Caribbean 437 and church and state 154 distribution 201 in India 487

and mission 60, 452, 456 in New Zealand 558 and philanthropy 60 in United States 64,361,367, 436 and women's ministry 58, 85, 88, 440 see also African Baptist churches Barat, Sophie 97-8 Barberi, Dominic 77 Barth, Karl 36, 44, 49, 51 Basel Mission 445, 446 in Africa 449, 453 in Hong Kong 495 in India 568 in Middle East 460 Bashford, James W 594 Bauer, Bruno 38, 45 Baur, Ferdinand Christian 38, 49,

191-2 Beecher, Lyman 365 Beethoven, Ludwig von 122 Begriff, and Vorstellung 39 Belgium and church architecture 113 and church music 125 and church and state 235 and popular religion 203 Benedict XIV, Pope 97,142 Benedict XV Pope 28,123, 425 Bennett, Sir William Sterndale 132,134 Bentley John Francis 104 Bethune, Jean-Baptiste 113 Bewerunge, Heinrich 125 Bible and evangelicalism 57, 368 extra-biblical material 194 inerrancy 369 interpretation 181-96

and prophecy 181 and Roman Catholicism 70 and science 164-71,179,195 in United States 362,379 and women's ministry 84-5, 93 see also literalism; New Testament; Old Testament Bible translations 445 in China 494, 495

and Ethiopianism 577, 578, 580, 581,

591 in India 489 in Japan 511 in Korea 506, 507 in Pacific 551, 555 in United States 378 biblical criticism in Britain 38,182-3,186,187-8,192,195-6 in France 193-4

in Germany 4,33,183-6,191-2, 227 historical 4, 50,182,183-9,193,195, 595 and Roman Catholicism 23,193-4, 227 in Scandinavia 346 in United States 369 Bismarck, Otto von 19, 22, 73,147, 292, 293-5,

297, 299

black churches 3, 430 growth 433-4, 436-7, 438 importance 439-40, 441-2 and mission 436 urban 440 worship 439 Blake, William 139

Blessed Sacrament, in Catholic devotions 71, 72, 80

Blomfield, Charles James 156, 309 Blondel, Maurice 28, 51 Blumenbach, Johann Friedrich 175 Blyden, Edward Wilmot 584, 587-8 BMS see Baptist Missionary Society Bodley, George Frederick 115 Bolivia, clergy 397

Bonnand, Clément, bishop of Pondicherry 481

Booth, Catherine 90-1, 93,162 Booth, Evangeline 370 Booth, Joseph 590 Booth, William 90-1 Borromeo, Card. Carlo 291,331 Bossy, John 74 Bourget, Ignace 374 Bourke, Richard 546 Bowler, Peter 172

Boxer Uprising 500, 502, 568, 599 Boyce, Francis Bertie 547, 550 Brahms, Johannes 122,130,133-4 Brandes, George 46 Brazil and church and state 597 clergy 399

and Protestantism 409 and reform 409 and slavery 399, 403-4 Brekus, Catherine 85 Briand, Aristide 26, 231 Bridgewater Treatises 171-2,173, 178

Britain 301-22

and biblical criticism 182-3,186,187-8,192, 195-6

and Catholic Relief Acts 15 and mission and empire 566, 567 and national churches 301-6 and Ottoman empire 458 and papacy 13,16, 23,313 and popular religion 197, 201-2, 206, 207-9, 212

and Protestant identity 312-13,316 and religious pluralism 305,307 and revivalism 207

and Roman Catholicism 77, 80,103-4, 201,

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