Palestinian Judaism in the Greco Roman World

Scope: The competing sects of Judaism in Palestine represent different ways of expressing Jewish identity in response to Roman rule and Hellenistic culture, by emphasizing one or the other of Judaism's shared symbols in patterns of passive or active resistance. Sometimes these political and ideological conflicts are so highlighted that the deep religious character of Palestinian Judaism can be obscured. Four examples provide evidence for the consistency and variety of Jewish piety in Palestine: the apocalyptic longings of 2 Baruch; the healings associated with the Galilean Chasid, Chanina ben Dosa; the prayers of the Qumran Teacher of Righteousness; and the prophetic ministry of John the Baptist.

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