Showing The Fly The Way Out Of The Bottle

Wittgenstein thought that Descartes's bifurcation of subject and object was particularly baneful philosophical confusion The idea of thinking as a process in the head, in a completely enclosed space, makes thinking something occult.17 One of the most dangerous ideas for a philosopher is, oddly enough, that we think with our heads or in our heads.18 In order to counter such enchantments, he developed a therapeutic method of philosophy that attended to the grammar of ordinary language. In other...

Interdisciplinary Report

To conduct a thorough and compelling paternity test for postmodernity is beyond the scope of the present chapter. Some account of its relation to modernity, however incomplete, is clearly necessary. However, like the French Revolution perhaps, there is no single causal explanation of what I am calling the postmodern condition. The modernity-postmodernity relation looks different when viewed in terms of the humanities, the social sciences, and the theoretical discourse of philosophy...

Postmodern Mission

Missiologists Andrew Walls and Lamin Sanneh have argued that Christianity has always grown as a result of its encounter with the other in the history of church mission. Specifically, this growth takes place through the process of translating the faith into new languages and new cultures.45 Walls says that the attempt to transmit faith in Christ across linguistic and cultural frontiers revealed that Christ had meanings and significance never guessed before.46 May we say something similar about...

By Christocentrism

The hallmark of a properly postliberal approach to religion is that it speaks on the basis of explicit religious commitment. In line with its non-foundationalist leanings in epistemology, it sees modern attempts to speak on the basis of neutrality as illusory because neutrality is finally a non-neutral commitment, and what is worse, one that typically leads to distortions in its interpretations of religion. Although postliberalism does not eschew the search for adequate descriptive categories...

Of Descriptions

To this point, we have traced the postmodern turn in a number of different areas architecture, art, society, philosophy, and literary theory. Is 18 Derrida, Afterword, in Limited Inc. (Evanston Northwestern University Press, 1988), p. 136. there anything that can be said about the postmodern condition in general I believe there is. Copernicus decentered human vanity when he demonstrated that the sun did not revolve around the earth. Further decentering occurred when it became clear that our...

Modern Theology In The Cartesian Theater

Historian Claude Welch writes that at the beginning of the nineteenth century the theological problem was, simply, 'How is theology possible ' This was a question of both rationale and method, and included, at least implicitly, the question whether theology is possible at all.13 In this section we consider the role of Descartes's legacy in raising the question of the very possibility of theology. This will serve as background for recognizing recent developments in both theology and philosophy...

By Critical Realism

Lindbeck's typology of the nature and function of theological language is, arguably, something like comparing two apples and a banana. Cognitive propositionalism and experiential expressivism are the same sort of thing, but the cultural linguistic theory is not.7 When the latter is Hans W. Frei, The Doctrine of Revelation in the Thought of Karl Barth, 1909 to 1922 The Nature of Barth's Break with Liberalism, unpublished dissertation (Yale University, 1956), 6 PP- 430-34, 513- 536. Since these...

By The Primacy Of

Lindbeck's rule theory of doctrine has not had many takers, nor is it likely to do so. Lindbeck acknowledges the oddity of his proposal It may seem odd to suggest that the Nicaenum in its role as a communal doctrine does not make first-order truth claims, and yet this is what I shall contend.26 One reason for the demurral is that not even Wittgenstein dichotomized first-order and second-order discourse as Lindbeck does. Frei is much closer to Wittgenstein when he assumes that a proposition's...

George Hunsinger

If postliberal theology depends on the existence of something called the Yale School, then postliberal theology is in trouble. It is in trouble, because the so-called Yale School enjoys little basis in reality, being largely the invention of theological journalism. At best it represents a loose coalition of interests, united more by what it opposes or envisions than by any common theological program. One indicator that the Yale School is mostly a fiction is that no two lists of who allegedly...

Constructing The Cartesian Theater

Ren Descartes 1596-1650 is called the father of modern philosophy and, as often happens to fathers when their children seek independence, is now blamed for most of the ills of modernity. We invoke Descartes's name often, but with the caveat that what matters most about Descartes's thought is those aspects that his followers found reason to adopt and develop. Descartes is well known for his method of doubt to question everything he had been taught and then attempt to reconstruct his world-view...

Contributors

Carlson received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1995 and is Associate Professor in the Department of Religious Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he teaches courses in religion and modern philosophy, contemporary theory, and the history of Christian thought and culture. He is author of Indiscretion Finitude and the Naming of God 1999 , an investigation of negative and mystical theologies in light of deconstructive and phenomenological thought,...

Closing The Omega

So then, modern theology operates within the conceptual confines of the Cartesian theater, crafting a theology that is simultaneously individualistic 3 M. O'C. Drury, Some Notes on Conversations with Wittgenstein, in Rush Rhees, ed., Recollections of Wittgenstein Oxford Oxford University Press, 1984 , p. 105. 31 Cited in Fergus Kerr, Theology after Wittgenstein Oxford Blackwell, 1986 , p. 32. 32 Wittgenstein, Zettel, section 144. 33 Wittgenstein, Culture and Value, p. 85c. 34 Lash, Theology on...

Kevin J Vanhoozer

Those who attempt to define or to analyze the concept of postmodernity do so at their own peril. In the first place, postmoderns reject the notion that any description or definition is neutral. Definitions may appear to bask in the glow of impartiality, but they invariably exclude something and hence are complicit, wittingly or not, in politics. A definition of postmodernity is as likely to say more about the person offering the definition than it is of the postmodern. Second, postmoderns...