Index

Note: "n" after a page reference indicates a note on that page; page numbers in italics refer to figures.

A Boy and His Dog, 218

A Canticle for Leibowitz, 218-20, 264

A Corner of the Veil, 154-6

A Gracious Plenty, 279-80, 284

Abbey, Edward, 60

About a Boy, 18,291-2

180,202,206,213, 240 Adams, Scott, 169-70, 175 Adatto, Kiku, 38 Adbusters, 60-1 Adorno, Theodor, 45, 46-7, 97 advertising, 123, 158-62, 164-7, 183,

232, 236 Aerosmith, 50 "aesthetic of cool," 57 aesthetics of design, 185-6 "affective forecasting," 192 affirmation of the ordinary, 181-4, 188 Africa, spirits in, 288 afterlife, 277-89 agnosticism, 136, 141-2 AI: Artificial Intelligence, 197, 205-7 Albanese, Catherine, 217 Alcoholics Anonymous, 259-60 Alien, 223 All Saints Day, 284 All Souls Day, 284-5 Allen, Woody, 17, 253 Altered States, 223 America's Most Wanted Painting, 273-4, 275

American Beauty, 18-20 American exceptionalism, 217 American Gods, 162-3 Amish, 56-7 Amos, Tori, 138, 148 Anabaptists, 88 anarchy, 9, 12

175, 309n angels and beasts, 202-4 Angus, Ian, 185 Anka, Paul, 50 Annie Hall, 254 antinomianism, 9, 12 apocalypticism biblical, 8, 265 and institutions, 26 novels, 18, 218 movies, 18,218 secular, 264-8 Apostles' Creed, 284 Appadurai, Arjun, 296n Aquinas, Thomas, 87 architecture, 1-2, 108, 109, 188, 191 Arrested Development, 218 art abstract expressionism, 33, 92-3, 98 modernist, 47 as religion, 2 artificial intelligence, 201-2, 204-5 Arts and Crafts aesthetic, 217 Asimov, Isaac, 205

Atwood, Margaret, 218 Augustine, 75, 80-6, 87, 89-90, 147 on charity, 85-6, 87 On Christian Doctrine, 82, 84-5 City of God, 82-4,203 on concupiscence, 89, 192, 242 Confessions, 82, 84, 86, 136, 193,

196, 249 on cupidity, 81 on desire, 104, 136, 212 on gladiatorial games, 80-1 on memory and the unity of a self,

193, 196 on metaphysics, 102-3 on music, 200, 233 on original sin, 181 on religious symbols, 84-6, 121 on soul and body, 203 on the sublime, 106 on the two cities, 83, 87, 89 on use (uti) and enjoyment (frui), 85-6

aura, 3, 30-1, 36, 183, 185, 189 authenticity, 258-9

"ethic of authenticity," 258 automobiles advertising of, 159-60 naming of, 158-9 as religious symbols, 236 avant-garde, 3, 47-9, 97, 98

Babette's Feast, 245 Backstreet Boys, 51 Baez, Joan, 182,237 baptism, 126-7, 161,284 Barzun, Jacques, 30 Batman, 212, 223 Baudrillard, Jean, 63, 67, 301n Bauhaus, 98 Bean: The Movie, 36 beatitude, beatific vision, 230, 239-44, 261, 282 Beatles, The, 51 Beaudoin, Tom, 179, 221, 231 Beckett, Samuel, 17 Beethoven, Ludwig von, 101 Beetlejuice, 223, 278 Bellah, Robert, 9, 12 Benedict, Ruth, 43

Bergson, Henri, 93 Bérubé, Michael, 54 Bierstadt, Albert, 269-71 Big Bang, 124, 170 Big Kahuna, The, 139-40,148 Bin Laden, Osama, 225 Birmingham Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies, 53-5, 68, 300n black churches, 237 Blade Runner, 197, 207-8 Blake, William, 244 blue (the color), 243, 276-7, 281 blues music, 51, 73 Boas, Franz, 43 Bolton, Michael, 51 Bonaventura, St, 242 Bonhoeffer, Dietrich, 152 Boogie Nights, 218 Borgmann, Albert, 164 Botticelli, Sandro, 91, 107, 108 Bourdieu, Pierre, 51 Boy Scouts, 217 BoyzN the Hood, 218 braconnage, 60-2, 68 Bradbury, Ray, 218 Bragg, Billy, 237 branding, 11 brands, 10

Accenture, 165-6 Altoids, 236 Apple, 57 AT&T mlife, 166 Benetton, 57 Chevrolet, 236 Coke, 149 Doc Martens, 10 Federal Express, 188 General Electric, 188 Google, 166 Hewlett-Packard, 164 Ikea, 184

Intel microprocessors, 162, 188 Isuzu, 57

Jolly Green Giant, 20 Levis, 20

Major League Baseball, 236 McDonalds, 61, 119, 182, 186, 312n MCI WorldCom, 168 Mountain Dew, 57 MTV, 63,186, 236 Napster, 60

Netscape, 236

Nextel Wireless, 315n

Nintendo, 236

Pabst Blue Ribbon Beer, 10

Porsche, 164

Smirnoff, 236

Sony, 236

Sprint PCS, 166

Starbucks, 164, 186,236

Target, 185

Tommy Hilfiger, 186, 236 Tower Records, 236 Toyota Scion, 10 US Postal Service, 164 Volkswagen, 61 "brandscapes," 187 Brasher, Brenda, 198-9 Brave New World, 218 Braveheart, 182 Breaking the Waves, 245 Brecht, Bertolt, 92 bricolage, 39, 59-60, 68-9, 73,137,

174,188,192-3,283, 293 Broadway musicals, 46 Brooks, Garth, 50 Brothers Karamazov, The, 16 Brown, James, 182, 234, 235 Buddha and Buddhism, 117,

213-14, 262 Buffy the Vampire Slayer, 223 Bunyan, John, 16, 24 burial customs, 263 Burke, Edmund, 105-6, 269 Burning Man Festival, 319n Burroughs, William S., 256 Burton, Tim, 223

Cabin in the Sky, 278 calling, divine, 181

Calvin, John, 90, 117, 181,215, 295n Calvinism, 130, 295n camp meetings, 234 Camus, Albert, 17, 136 care of souls, 249, 252 Castaneda, Carlos, 217, 255 Cave, Nick, 221, 239-41, 243 Celestis, 264

Celtic spirituality, 117, 243 Cezanne, 91, 93 Chalcedonian Creed, 139

Chaplin, Charlie, 33, 46 Charles, Ray, 51,182,235 Chautauqua, 217, 235, 318n Chocolat, 20, 245-8, 246, 253 Chomsky, Noam, 49 Chrysostom, John, 78 Church Triumphant, Expectant,

Militant, 284 circus, 78, 80, 303n, 318n civil rights movement, 237 Clyne, Manfred, 197-8 Coliseums and gladiatorial games,

76-81, 150 Collini, Stefan, 70 Collins, Judy, 182 comic book heroes, 212, 230 commodification, 31 commodity spirituality, 248 communion of saints, 284 communitas, 126-7, 236 Cone, James, 73, 183 Coney Island, 183 confession, 194, 212, 245, 248-50,

252, 260, 284 conscience, 105, 151-2, 154, 193, 221,

228, 249-50, 258 Constantine and Constantinian, 88 consumerism, 9, 259 conversion, 105, 255 Cooke, Sam, 182, 234 Copland, Aaron, 181, 297n Corso, Gregory, 256 Cosse, Laurence, 154-6 country-western music, 20, 182, 211 Coupland, Douglas, 136-7, 171, 178 covenant, 129, 173, 214-20, 225, 240 Cowan, Tyler, 52 Cox, Earl, 202 Crevier, Daniel, 201-2 Crimes and Misdemeanors, 17 cultural anthropology, 41 "cultural pessimism," 52 cultural spheres, 2-4, 7, 37, 92-4, 128, 130, 191,253,259

culture as a concept, 41-5 cultural studies, 44, 53-71, 292 as a standard of excellence, 42-3, 44 subaltern cultures, 43-4, 60, 68,

58,68,97-8,190 "culture jamming," 60-2, 69 Cure, The, 221 cyber-technologies, 20 cyborgs, 197-209, 222, 315n "borged," 198-201 cyborg plots, 198 and memory, 207-8

dance, 46

Dances with Wolves, 182

Dark City, 194-5

"dark night of the soul," 108

"datasphere," 39, 72, 167

Davis, Miles, 102

Davis, Walter, 177,232

Davy Crockett, 217

Dawson, Michael, 50

de Certeau, Michel, 59

Dead Like Me, 279

Dead Poets' Society, 253

Deconstructing Harry, 254

Defending Your Life, 277

Delbanco, Andrew, 297n department stores, 182-3

155, 294 Derrida, Jacques, 170 Dick, Philip K., 198,205, 207 dirt, dust, 119, 125, 180, 213, 232 Disney

Aladdin, 254 Bambi, 32

Beauty and the Beast, The, 254 and death, 263-4 Disney, Walt, 188 Disney World, 190 Disneyization, 35, 191 Disneyland, 65, 190, 197 Donald Duck, 32, 33 Dumbo, 32,189 Fantasia, 33-4 Finding Nemo, 254 Haunted Mansion, The, 64 hyperreal populism, 188-91 Lion King, The, 254 Mickey Mouse, 32, 183, 189 Pinocchio, 32, 189 Pirates of Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl, 64

Pocahontas, 254 populism, 32-3, 191, 298n and Salvador Dali, 298n Silly Symphonies, 32-5, 189;

Country Cousin, 32; Flowers and Trees, 34; Grasshopper and the Ants, 32; Music Land, 34-5; Skeleton Dance, 34; Three Little Pigs, 32-3; Tortoise and the Hare, 32; Ugly Duckling, 32; Woodland Café, 34 Snow White, 32,189, 263-4 Tarzan, 254

Walt Disney Studios, 31-5, 46, 48, 64, 189, 254 Dogma, 22-4, 139 Donahue, Phil, 255 Don't Tempt Me, 139, 278 Donovan, 256

doors, thresholds, and passageways,

124,127,252, 264 Doppelgängers, 221, 225 Dostoevsky, Fyodor, 16, 147, 151 Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, 222, 224 Dracula, 222 Drake, Nick, 256 Driving Miss Daisy, 182 drugs and pharmaceuticals, 230, 236 Durkheim, Emile, 120 Dylan, Bob, 50, 182, 237, 239 Dyson, Michael Eric, 73 dystopian fiction, 218

Eagleton, Terry, 44, 49, 51 EarthFirst!, 60

Echo and the Bunnymen, 221 Eco, Umberto, 62, 65-67, 69, 191 ecstasy, 91, 111-13, 230-1, 233, 242,

271,293 Edmundson, Mark, 222-6 Edward Scissorhands, 223 Edwards, Jonathan, 216 egalitarianism, 181-4 Eggers, Dave, 181 Eliade, Mircea on hierophanies, 118-19, 122 on myth, 121-3, 180 Eliot, T.S., 244 Ellis, Havelock, 104 Ellul, Jacques, 49

Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 15, 217, 251-2

English Patient, The, 194 Enlightenment, the, 41, 88, 119 entertainment, 40, 46

entertainment as a way of life, 192 epicureanism, 14, 18, 153-4, 158 Erin Brockovich, 218 eroticism, 240 Esalen Institute, 255-6 escapism, 32, 277 eschatology, 262, 277 ET, 20

Eternal Ascent Society, 264 Eternal Reefs, 264 ethnographies, 43 evil, 248

existentialism, 57, 95, 104, 136, 138,

153-4, 158 Exorcist, The, 223

Fahrenheit 451,218 faith broken faith, 12-19, 132 loss of faith, 9 and piety, 104, 109 primordial, 13, 16 typology of faith, 13-24, 132, 292 as ultimate concern, 103, 127 Fall, doctrine of, 90, 117, 159, 213,

214,222 false-consciousness, 32, 45-46 fanfares for the common man, 181, 209 Far from Heaven, 217 fashion and wardrobes, 58, 221, 232,

236, 291 Fatal Attraction, 223 Featherstone, Michael, 119 Ferrucci, Franco, 143-8, 153-4,

157-8 fetishes, 44, 117, 189 fetishism, commodity, 10, 158-63, 183,

188-91,248 fidelity and infidelity, 179, 212, 214-16, 240-1,281,289 Field ofDreams, 278 FightClub, 10-12, 62, 137,148,184,

265-6, 293 finitude, 108, 113, 139, 144, 171, 208 finitum capax infiniti (the finite has the capacity for the infinite), 90, 94, 109, 112 Finney, Charles, 234

Fisher King, The, 253 Flaming Lips, 50 Flatliners, 223, 278, 283 Fly, The, 223 folk art, 29, 48-9 Ford, John, 298n Forrest Gump, 20, 182, 184 Foucault, Michel, 70, 170, 226 fractal effect, 12, 50-1 Francis of Assisi, 181 Frank, Thomas, 57, 69 Frankenstein's monster, 198, 222, 224, 227

Frankfurt Institute for Social Research (Frankfurt School), and Frankfurt theory, 31, 45-52, 54, 68-9,97-100, 190,198,292 Franklin, Aretha, 182, 234 Frazer, James, 120 Freud, Sigmund, 120, 224 Frith, Simon, 7, 200 Fromm, Erich, 45 Frontline (PBS), 227

Gabler, Neil, 40 Gaiman, Neil, 162-3 Gandhi, 193

Gaye, Marvin, 182, 234, 237 Geertz, Clifford, 102, 116 Gehenna, 284

Gerrard, Lisa, 242 Ghost, 278 ghosts, 14, 278-89 Gibson, William, 198, 205 Gilbert, Daniel, 192 Ginsberg, Allen, 256 Gladiator, 76 Gnostic sects, 9 Gnosticism, 205 God absconding, 138-9, 213, 226 agency of, 141, 144-5 apprehension of, 105, 110 death of, 17, 148-54, 170, 174 as ground of being, 112 incarnation of, 139, 147 love for Israel, 241 and the moral life, 153-4 and religious symbols, 113-14

as ultimate concern, 103 as unnamable mystery, 135 God fiction, 142-58 goddess worship, 117 God's Debris: A Thought Experiment,

169-70 Good Will Hunting, 253 gospel music, 235, 238 Gothic, the, 214-27 cosmos, 225

literary tradition, 214-15 scripts, 221-2, 225-7 as a sound, 214 as style, 214 Graduate, The, 11 Gramsci, Antonio, 55 Grand Inquisitor, 146-7, 153, 156 Grandmaster Flash and the Furious

Five, 218 Graves, Michael, 185 Great Awakenings, 234 great chain of being, 203-4 Green Mile, 20 Greenberg, Clement, 300n Gregorian chant, 233 Grossberg, Lawrence, 70 grunge, 221

251, 278, 283-4, 289, 290 Guthrie, Woody, 50, 182, 237, 297n

Habermas, Jürgen, 49

Hall, John and Charles Lindholm, 217

Hall, Stuart, 53

Hallie, Philip, 105

hamburgers, 119, 312

Handmaid's Tale, The, 218

Hanna and Her Sisters, 254

happiness, 253

Haraway, Donna, 315n

Hartley, John, 53

Hauerwas, Stanley, 88-9

Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 217

Heart and Soul, 278

heaven, 277-8

192-3, 196, 294 Hebrew prophets, 181 hegemony, 54-7, 68

Heller, Joseph, 17 Hemmingway, Ernest, 17, 181 Hendrix, Jimi, 182 Herder, Johann Gottfried, 41-4, 72,

120,128,258,293 hierophanies, 118-19 High Fidelity, 18, 187, 199 highbrow/lowbrow distinction, 31, 33,

35-7, 48-51 higher law, 130 Hillis, Danny, 202 Hinduism, 128 Hine, Thomas, 36-7 Hitchcock, Alfred, 17 Hoggart, Richard, 53-4 holy, the, 105-10, 111, 119, 171, 172,

174,222,231,239, 242,288 Home Alone, 223 Hopper, Edward, 297n Horkheimer, Max, 45, 47, 97, 98 Hornby, Nick, 18, 187, 291 Horsfield, Peter, 39 Hulk, Incredible, 212 human potential movement, 256 human rights, 130-1 humanism, 153-4, 157 Hume, David, 120, 311n Hurston, Zora Neil, 298n Husbands and Wives, 254 Huxley, Aldous, 255 hymnlining, 234

hyperreality, 64-7, 69, 189-92, 271, 301n iconoclasm, 174

icons and iconography, 160, 231, 273,

277, 289 identity construction brands and construction of the self, 184-8

and memory, 193-7, 207-8, 251 and narrative, 193-7 reflexivity and identity, 187 idols and idolatry, 79, 83, 85, 89, 104,

117-18, 162-3, 259 image of God (imago Dei), 180-1, 187,

209,213 images, 29, 196-7 "aural images," 36 "visual quotations," 36 imitation of God, 86

immortality, 166, 201, 208, 213, 223,

224 Impostor, 205 Independence Day, 266 Insider, The, 218 Interview with a Vampire, 223 Ironweed, 279, 284 irony, 77, 171, 174, 257, 297n Irving, John, 18 Islam, 128

Jackson, Mahalia, 244 Jackson, Michael, 225 James, C.L.R., 33

111,292 Jaws, 223 jazz, 51

jeremiads, 214-20, 225, 227 Jesus Christ, 8, 87, 116, 130, 146-7, 152,153,181,183, 188, 190, 239,243,251-2, 307n Job, Book of, and Jobian literature,

153-4, 157 John of the Cross, St, 108, 242 Johnny Mnemonic, 198 Joplin, Janis, 256 Joy, Bill, 167 Joy Division, 221 Joyce, James, 47 Jung, Carl, 120 Jurassic Park, 222

Kandinsky, Wassily, 2, 92, 277, 295n, 299n

Kant, Immanuel, and Kantianism, 63, 105-6,120,151-2,182,212, 276, 306n Kazantzakis, Nikos, 135-7 Kennedy, William, 279 Kerouac, Jack, 103, 136, 212, 255-6 Kesey, Ken, 255

Kirk, Kenneth, 231

Klein, Naomi, 301n

Klemm, David, 305n

Komar, Vitaly, and Aleksandr

Melamid, 273-6, 275 Kristeva, Julia, 170

Kubrick, Stanley, 17, 51, 136, 205 Kuyper, Abraham, 295n

Labor Day, 184 Lacan, Jacques, 170 Laderman, Gary, 263-4 Lakoff, George, 204 Lang, Fritz, 92 Lao Tzu, 117

Lara Croft: Tomb Raider, 64 Las Vegas, 66, 108, 183 Law and Order, 177 lawn, 4-5

Lawnmower Man, 198

Lears, Jackson, 296n

Leary, Timothy, 255

Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, 170

Lennon, John, 62, 237

Levi-Strauss, Claude, 59

Lewis, Matthew, 222

Lewis, Sinclair, 218

Life of God (as Told by Himself), The,

144-8 LifeGem, 264 lifestyle clusters, 186-7 liminality, 124-7, 158, 183, 235-6,

288, 319n Lindbeck, George, 88 literary criticism, 54, 68 living-dead, 285, 288 Locke, John, 120 logos, 10, 12,236, 266 Lord of the Rings, 184, 267, 268, 276 lost paradise, 211-14, 219-21, 227 Lovely Bones, The, 20, 280-1, 284 Lowenthal, Leo, 45, 46, 97 Lowney, Kathleen, 255, 257 Luke Skywalker, 230 Luther, Martin, 90, 94, 95, 181,

234, 251 Lyon, David, 184-5, 191 Lyotard, Jean-François, 170

Macdonald, Dwight, 48 Made in Heaven, 277 Madonna, 50 magic, 107

Malinowski, Bronislaw, 43, 287 mana, 107 Mandela, Nelson, 63 Manhattan, 254

Marcuse, Herbert, 45

Marilyn Manson, 221

market populism, 69

Marley, Bob, 56

Marxism and neo-Marxism, 31, 32, 45, 49

Mary, mother of Jesus, 117

Maslow, Abraham, 255

mass culture, 48-9

Matrix, The, 167, 198

Mayfield, Curtis, 182, 234

Mbiti, John, 288

McCarraher, Eugene, 6, 248

McKibben, Bill, 38

McLuhan, Marshall, 38

McRobbie, Angela, 53, 54

McSweeneys, 186

mechanical reproduction, 29-31, 37,

48,201,230 media conglomerates, 49 Media Foundation, The, 60 media, 37

media-world, 7, 37, 72, 128, 296n Memento, 17, 193-4 Mendes, Sam, 18 metaphysical trust, 13, 16, 221,

259, 292 Metropolis, 197 Mighty Aphrodite, 254 Milbank, John, 88 millennialism, 124 Miller, Arthur, 217 Miller, Walter, 218 mind and brain, 201-2, 205 Minority Report, 205 miracle, 111, 120 Mitchell, Joni, 50 Moby, 50, 242-3 Modern Times, 33, 46 Moltmann, Jürgen, 74 monadology, 170 monotheism, 154, 158 monsters, 221, 222, 224 Moon, Keith, 256 moral ecstasy, 230 Moravec, Hans, 201 Morissette, Alanis, 139 Morone, James, 216 Morrison, Jim, 257 Morrison, Van, 50, 241-5

Morrow, James, 148-54, 156, 157-8 Moses, 117, 145-6,214,240 Moskowitz, Eva, 253 Mosley, Walter, 218 Mother Earth News, 217 Mouw, Richard, 6-7, 258, 259, 321n Muhammad, 117 Mulholland Drive, 17 Munch, Edvard, 36, 93 Murdoch, Iris, 39 Muschamp, Herbert, 185 music as a guide for emotions, 230, 233 Augustine, 200 hymnody, 233-4 in social protest, 238 soundtracks and movie scores, 200-1 music as social protest, 237-8 music videos, 236 mysticism, 108

mystical rock and roll, 242-5 myth, 119-24, 143, 154, 157, 159, 180-1,189,190, 202-4,213, 262

narrative and self-identity, 193-7 narrative worlds, 143, 157-8 national parks, 217 Natural Born Killers, 110, 171-4 natural evil, 145, 147 natural law, 88, 130, 217 nature religion, 217-18 New Catechism of the Catholic

Church, 231 news coverage, 38 news media and the Gothic, 225-6 Newton, Wayne, 50 Niagara Falls, 108, 183, 268-9, 276 Niebuhr, H. Richard, 13-15, 80, 93,

153-4,158,292 Nietzsche, Friedrich, 9, 63, 93, 110,

170,251-2 Nietzscheism, 17, 137, 142, 173-4 Nightmare before Christmas, 223 nihilism, 172-4, 196, 226, 236, 265 Noble, David, 201-2 Norma Rae, 218

numinous, the, 106-9, 158, 233, 271 NYPD Blue, 177

O'Connor, Sinead, 242, 243, 311n once-born, 15-16

onion.com, 187 opera, 200 Orwell, George, 218 Osborne, Joan, 138-9 Osmonds, The, 50 Otto, Rudolph, 106-8

on sin, 107 Outbreak, 266

outdoor music festival, 235-6

Palace of Living Arts, 65 Palahniuk, Chuck, 10-12, 295n, 309n panentheism, 170 pantheism, 170

parameter species, 202-5, 208-9

Partisan Review, 48

Pascal, Blaise, 203

Patch Adams, 253

patriotism, 112-13

peaceable kingdom, images of, 268-77

penance, 248-50, 252, 260, 284

perfume, 159-60

Perls, Fritz, 255

Philadelphia, 218

Pickett, Wilson, 234

Pickstock, Catherine, 88

Piercy, Marge, 218

pilgrimage, 183

Pink Floyd, 50

Pinn, Anthony, 73

Plato and Platonism, 63-4, 82, 159,

203,204 Pleasantville, 245 plenary indulgence, 22 poaching, 59, 68, 73, 289 Police, The, 237 Pollack, Jackson, 299n polytheism, 154, 158, 163 pop music, 50-1, 199 Popeye, 230 Popular Front, 300n populism, 31-3, 188, 297n postcards, 1, 66, 268, 276 postliberalism, 88-9 Postman, Neil, 49 Postman, The, 218 postmodernism, 17, 39, 67, 69, 71,

170-4,196,293, 302n postmodernity, 9, 185

Postrel, Virginia, 185-6

Potok, Chaim, 245

Pretenders, The, 237

Pretty Woman, 182

priesthood of all believers, 184

PRIZM (Potential Rating Index for ZIP

Markets), 186 Prometheus, 222 prophet, priest, and king, 295n prophets, biblical, 5, 91, 215, 216, 276 Protestant work ethic, 250 providence, divine, 15, 20-1, 41, 72,

82,88,164,175,215,220, 221, 226, 259, 265, 267, 289, 293, 294

Proyas, Alex, 194, 196 Psychedelic Furs, 221 psychotherapy, 252 Public Enemy, 218 purgatory, 117, 250, 283-5 Puritans and puritanism, 130, 181,

215-16,220 Pygmalion, 182

Quakers, 88

Radcliffe, Ann, 222 radical orthodoxy, 88-9 Raiders of the Lost Ark, 64 Rambo, 230 rap music, 73 Raphael, Sally Jesse, 255 recovery movements, 258-60 Redding, Otis, 182, 234 redemptive violence, 229-30 Reed, Lou, 62 religion religion1, 92, 111, 112, 127-31,220, 292

127-31,252, 253 religion3, 128-31, 184, 204, 220, 235, 252, 266, 285, 292 religious a priori, 106 religious symbols, 84, 113-19, 159-60, 184, 197,221,223,231,236, 238,242,262,289 REM, 237

repentance, 215-16, 228 revelation, 91, 111-13, 131 revivalist camp meetings, 255

Reynolds, Sheri, 279

Rieff, Philip, 252

Rilke, Ranier Maria, 92, 93, 141

Rimbaud, Arthur, 251

ring shouts, 234

rites of passage, 124-5

Road Warrior, 218

Robocop, 198

rock and roll music, 234

Rockwell, Norman, 297n

Rocky Horror Picture Show, 223

Rogers, Carl, 255, 256

Rolling Stones, 51, 62

romanticism, 41, 106, 221-2, 258, 259

Romeo and Juliet, 182

Ronald MacDonald, 20

Rorty, Richard, 171, 174

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 258

Rushkoff, Douglas, 39, 167

Sabrina Fair, 182 sacra, 126-7, 236

sacrament, sacramental, 109, 137, 158,

231, 239 sacramentals, 231-2 sacred, the, 131 Sade, Marquis de, 110 saints, 284 salon.com, 187 Samuels, David, 178-9 Sante, Luc, 29 Sartre, Jean Paul, 17 Schleiermacher, Friedrich, 90 on absolute dependence, 106 on "God-consciousness," 106 on myth, 120 on sin and grace, 106 Schweiker, William, 172-3, 305n science fiction, 197-8, 201, 205-9, 264-5

scripts of defiance, 14,16-17 scripts of escape, 14, 18-19 scripts of fear, 14,17-18 scripts of the once-born, 20-2 scripts of the twice-born, 22-4 Sears, John, 268-9 Sebold, Alice, 20, 280 second-naivete, 22 Seeger, Pete, 182, 237 self, unencumbered, 252

self-discipline, 247 self-esteem, 253, 257, 293 self-fulfillment, 247, 325 "semiotic guerilla warfare," 62,

68-9, 74 September 11,237-8 Seven, 223

Sex and the City, 254-5 Shelley, Mary, 222, 224, 227 Shepherd, Sam, 181 Shyamalan, M. Night, 12 signs of the times, 8 Signs, 12

Silent Running, 218 Silkwood, 218 Simpson, O.J., 225 Simpsons, The, 184 simularum, 63-7, 69, 100, 170, 185, 190-2,196,205, 208,292 and "theming," 191 sin, 211-28

as alienation, 106 and appetite, 213-14 as corrupt institutions, 212 and the emergence of the self, 249 forgiveness, 245, 248 and the Gothic, 222-7 as hubris, 212 original, 82, 184 as pride, 258 and purification, 248 as unchecked libido, 212, 223 Six Feet Under, 263, 281-3, 284 Sixth Sense, The, 278, 283 Slack, Jennifer Daryl and Laurie Anne

Whitt, 69 Sling Blade, 20 Smiley, Jane, 181 Smith, Kevin, 22, 24 Soderbergh, Steven, 194, 196 Solaris, 194, 278 Song of Songs (Hebrew Bible),

238-9, 240 Sopranos, 254 Sorkin, Michael, 190 soteriology, 229, 247, 260 soul, the human, 195, 196, 242, 245 soul music, 51, 234-5 South Park: Bigger, Longer and

Uncut, 277 Spears, Britney, 50

Spencer, Jon Michael, 73, 237

Spice Girls, 50

Spiderman, 212, 230

Spielberg, Stephen, 51, 197, 205

spirituals, 234, 237, 238

sports and exercise, 130, 230, 236

Springer, Jerry, 255

Springsteen, Bruce, 62, 182

Stackhouse, Max, 295n, 305n

Stairway to Heaven, 278

Star Wars, 254

Starck, Philippe, 185

Steinbeck, John, 181, 183, 218

Stepford Wives, The, 217

Stevenson, Robert Louis, 222

Stivers, Richard, 225

Stoker, Bram, 222

Stokowski, Leopold, 33

Stone, Oliver, 171

Stone, Ronald, 305n

Storey, John, 55-6

Strummer, Joe, 50, 233, 237

269-71 Superbowl, 165, 237-8 Superman, 230, 287

Tanner, Kathryn, 302n Taosim, 128, 169, 254 Tarzan, 217

tattoos, body peircings and scarification, 125, 179, 185, 193,235 Taylor, Charles, 181, 258-9 technology, 163-70, 222 biotechnologies, 266 cyborgs and androids, 197-209 the "device paradigm," 164 and divine providence, 164-70 gadgets, 192,236,291 information technology, 164-70 Internet, 167-9, 199, 236, 291 television, 67, 123 primetime law and order, 177-8 world of, 225 Teresa of Avila, St, 242 Terminator, The, 197 terrorism, global, 226 Tertullian, 75-80, 87-9, 121, 233 theater, 115

theater, ancient, 77-80, 82 "theater of cruelty," 110 theodicy, 24, 149, 154 theological anthropology, 177,

202-5,211 theology apologetic, 95 apophatic, 63, 114 as a critical discipline, 5-6 "high," 6

systematic, 132, 137, 292 therapeutic, the, 9, 124, 147, 245, 248,

252, 257 therapeutic consumerism, 12,

247, 296n therapeutic middle-ground, 259 Three Dog Night, 50 Tillich, Paul, 88,293 on art, 92-3, 98 on the demonic, 118 on ecstasy, 9, 111-12, 231 "Escape from God," 174 and the Frankfurt School, 97-100 on the ground and abyss of being, 92,

94,108,111,171,173, 231 On the Idea of a Theology of

Culture, 5, 92-3 on miracle, 111 on moral faith, 109-11, 220,

on ontological faith, 109-11, 220, 239, 242

The Political Meaning of Utopia, 98 The Religious Situation, 93-4 on religious symbols, 95 on revelation, 91,95, 111-13,231,

306n on style, 99-100 on the "sacred void," 94 theology of culture, 90-100, chapter 4 passim on theonomy, 94 on ultimate concern, 99, 101-5,

107, 112 The World Situation, 97 Time Warner-CNN, 49 Titanic, The, 182, 184 Tocqueville, Alexis de, 37, 40, 192 Tolkien, J.R.R., 267 Tolstoy, Leo, 16, 24,88,93

Tompkins, Jane, 173, 229-30, 268

Total Recall, 205

totems, 158-9

Touched by an Angel, 20

tourism, tourist sites, 183, 268, 276

Towing Jehovah, 148-52

transubstantiation, 109

trees, 114,213

Troeltsch, Ernst, 87, 120

Truly, Madly, Deeply, 278-9

Turner, Victor, 125, 235-6, 252

turtle, cosmic, 102-4, 293

Twelve Monkeys, 266

twelve-step programs, 259-60

28 Days Later, 266

twice-born, 15-16

Twitchell, James, 186-7

Tyler, Anne, 181

Tyler, Edward B., 43

ultimate concern (see also Tillich), 109, 113, 118, 119, 127,137,164, 171, 188,209, 238,252,253, 259

Unabomber, 225 underground radio, 51 Updike, John, 181, 184 utopia, utopianism, 47, 109, 216-20, 223, 235

Vahanian, Gabriel, 151 values, 1-2, 44 vampires, 221, 222, 224 van Gennep, Arnold, 124-5 Van Gogh, Vincent, 91, 93, 108,

115, 245 Vatican Council II

Gaudium et Spes, 8 Vega, Suzanne, 237 Velvet Underground, 50, 63 Virgil, 82

virtue and vice, 178, 179, 189 Volkgeist, 41

Wag the Dog, 67 Waits, Tom, 182

Wal-Mart, 49-50, 183 Waltzer, Michael, 2 Walzer, Michael, 295n Wanamaker, John, 182-3 water, 114, 127,276 Waterboys, The, 242, 243 Waterworld, 218 Watts, Alan, 255 Watts, Isaac, 234 Weber, Max, 2, 161, 181,250 Wenders, Wim, 21-2, 140-2,

196-7, 297n Wesley, John and Charles, 234 westerns, 173, 229-30, 268, 276 Westworld, 197

What Dreams May Come, 277, 284

whim, 252

White, Robert, 184

Whitman, Walt, 15

Whitt, Laurie Anne and Jennifer Daryl

Slack, 69 Whole Earth Catalog, 217 Wilde, Oscar, 233 wilderness, 101-2, 159, 189-90 Williams, Robin, 253 Willis, Paul, 53, 54, 57-8 will-to-power, 124, 223, 236 Winfrey, Oprah, 255 Wings of Desire, 21-2, 140-2, 166 Winthrop, John, 215-16 Wojcik, Daniel, 265 Wonder, Stevie, 50, 182 Wood, Ralph, 203, 305n, 322n Woodlawn Memorial Park, 264 Wordsworth, William, 244 World's Fairs, 183, 197 Wright, Alex, 230 Wright, Richard, 217

Xiaotong, Fei, 287

Yellowstone, 183 YMCA, 130

Yoder, John Howard, 88 Yogi, Maharishi Mahesh, 255 Yosemite Valley, 108, 110 Young, Neil, 182,211-12

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