Photographs Ebooks Catalog
A fifteenth-century mural of the 'mystical supper' from Paleochorio (Cyprus) shows Jesus majestically celebrating the Passover on the night before he died. (Sonia Halliday Photographs.) Fig. 1. A fifteenth-century mural of the 'mystical supper' from Paleochorio (Cyprus) shows Jesus majestically celebrating the Passover on the night before he died. (Sonia Halliday Photographs.)
The Moody Bible Institute and Dallas Theological Seminary have played no small part in promoting a Fundamentalist and Zionist eschatology among thousands of American ministers and missionaries.259 Charles Dyer, a professor of Bible exposition at Dallas even includes photographs allegedly showing Saddam Hussein's reconstruction of Babylon to the same specifications and splendour as Nebuchadnezzar.260 Dyer warns that this is evidence that Hussein plans to attempt to repeat Nebuchadnezzar's conquest of Israel, the only Arab ever to have done so. 'The Middle East is the world's time bomb, and Babylon is the fuse that will ignite the events of the end times.'261
Even this release had been pre-empted - by Robert Eisenman no less. It transpired that he had a source in Jerusalem - within the confines of the Ecole Biblique itself. This source had been feeding him photographs of the Scrolls beginning late in the year 1989. Within a year, before the end of 1990, he had in his possession a complete set of photographs of all the Scrolls materials This now explains how he and J.M. Robinson were able to bring out their two-volume magnum opus A Facsimile Edition of the Dead Sea Scrolls within weeks of their release by the Huntington Library they had made use of the material supplied by Eisenman's secret source at the Ecole Biblique.97 Eisenman had been identified in the flurry of world-wide media attention as the scholarly point man in this struggle. As a result, photographs of the remaining unpublished Dead Sea Scrolls were made available to him. These began coming to him in September 1989. At first they came in small consignments, then more...
Celebrating the Passover on the night before he died. (Sonia Halliday Photographs.) 7 FIG. 2. An anonymous picture expresses the intensity of St Bernadette Soubirous at prayer. Her visions of the Virgin Mary in 1858 made Lourdes into one of the world's most popular places of pilgrimage. (Biblioth que des Arts Decoratifs, Paris Bridgement-Charmet collection.) 38 FIG. 3. Famous for its stained-glass windows and exterior sculpture, Chartres embodies Gothic cathedrals at their best, and humanity rising towards God. (Sonia Halliday Photographs.) 55 FIG. 4. Through the face and right hand of St Thomas Aquinas (d. 1274), Sandro Botticelli (d. 1510) suggests the spiritual strength and verbal precision of the great theologian. (Abegg-Stiftung, Riggisberg Bridgeman Art Library.) 62
Yet the action of the Huntington Library was only symbolic, for Eisenman was himself shortly to release his two-volume facsimile edition of the Scrolls manuscripts rendering their action all but moot. This was the result of a clandestine operation Eisenman had somehow managed to acquire photographs of all the Scrolls from a secret source in Jerusalem where they had been languishing in the custody of a Vatican-com rolled institution known as the Ecole Biblique. This was soon followed by the publication of The Dead Sea Scrolls Uncovered by Eisenman and Michael Wise consisting of fifty of the most important texts along with their English translation and commentary. Christianity will never be the same again.
86 Mikhail Bakhtin, The Dialogic Imagination Four Essays, trans. C. Emerson and M. Holquist (Austin University of Texas Press, 1981), 324. Barthes used the terms punctum and studium to define how individuals relate to photographs, suggesting that studium is the extension of a field, which I perceive quite familiarly as a consequence of my knowledge, my culture, and that reveal the photographer's intentions. Punctum are small details that break or punctuate the studium, rising of their own accord into affective consciousness, overwhelming the entirety of the reading. Roland Barthes, Camera Lucida, trans. Richard Howard (New York Hill and Wang, 1981), 25-26,
The epiphany he has undergone in the instant of his death is the astonishing optical beauty of so many forgotten moments of his stupid little life. This vision is reinforced as the scene cuts to the final appearance of a white plastic bag wafting and falling in a gentle, swirling breeze, captured on video. This shot has appeared at intervals throughout the movie. We receive the instruction at its first appearance that it represents a beauty so stunning that it suspends all fear. Like a visual Greek chorus, the dancing bag coaxes us to pause over the ineffable wonder of such mundane beauty, whereby the image of a discarded grocery sack, swirling fairy-like, can take away all fears, even the fear of death. American Beauty directs us to invest much in beauty, a beauty captureable in photographs and on video, a beauty of surfaces. To derive happiness from ready-to-hand aesthetic delight is the bright god that Mendes offers. No need to be perturbed further with the meaning of life, nor to...
Most parents become outraged when given concrete examples of materials actually used in these vaunted sex education courses, such as those from the sex education guidelines developed by SIECUS and others. Those guidelines provide that 1) children ages 5-8 be taught that it feels good to touch and rub body parts 2) those 9-12 be taught that homosexuality is as satisfying as heterosexuality 3) 15-18-yearold students be taught that using erotic photographs, movies, or literature will enhance sexual fantasies. Dr. Crouse also provided the results of a recent Zogby poll confirming that parents approve or strongly approve of abstinence education (by a 4.6 to 1 margin) and disapprove or strongly disapprove of comprehensive sex education (by a 2.4 to 1 margin). Yet the homosexual lobby continues to pursue its campaign to oppose abstinence education.
The function of memory in comprehending the contours of the self has been at the center of several important movies in the last few years.31 Christopher Nolan's film, Memento (2000), for example, is about a man who, suffering from a condition of short-term memory loss that prevents him from retaining any memory for more than a few minutes at a time, compensates by relaying messages to himself through snapping Polaroid pictures, scribbling notes on them ( this is my car, do not trust this man ), and stuffing them into his pockets. Each day he must decipher the clues he has left for himself in order to recall that his wife was raped and murdered and that he was struck in the head during the attack, which accounts for why he cannot remember anything. He archives the most essential messages to himself by tattooing them onto his body, in effect, inscribing his memory onto his skin. The single goal he has assigned to his cubist consciousness is to avenge his wife's death. He awakens each...
We are grateful also to the University of Michigan, Yale University Art Gallery, and the International Catacomb Society for granting us permission to reprint images from their photo archives. All the photographs by individual photographers are reprinted here with their written permission and our thanks. We would particularly like to express gratitude to Professor Robin M. Jensen for valuable assistance in procuring the images.
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