Studies On Patristic Exegesis In Collections Of Essays

i. Cambridge History of the Bible (The) (CHB)

Vol. 1: "From the Beginnings to Jerome," eds., P. R. Ackroyd and C. F. Evans. (Cambridge 1970), v. "The Bible in the Early Church" (412-586, bibliography 595):

13. R. P. C. Hanson, "Biblical Exegesis in the Early Church" (412-453).

14. M. F. Wiles, "Origen as Biblical Scholar" (454-488).

15. M. F. Wiles, "Theodore of Mopsuestia as Representative of the Antiochene School" (489-509).

16. H. F. D. Sparks, "Jerome as Biblical Scholar" (510-540).

17. G. Bonner, "Augustine as Biblical Scholar" (541-562).

18. J. H. Lamb, "The Place of the Bible in the Liturgy" (563-586).

Vol. 2: "The West from the Fathers to the Reformation," G. W. H. Lampe, ed. (Cambridge 1969):

i. B. J. Roberts, "The ot: Manuscripts, Text and Versions" (1-26).

ii. C. S. C. Williams, "The History of the Text and Canon of the nt to Jerome" (27-53).

iii. T. C. Skeat, "Early Christian Book-Production: Papyri and Manuscripts" (54-79).

v. R. Loewe, "The Medieval History of the Latin Vulgate" (102-105). vi. "The Exposition and Exegesis of Scripture"

1. G. W. H. Lampe, "To Gregory the Great" (155-182).

2. D. Leclercq, "From Gregory the Great to St. Bernard" (183-196).

3. B. Smalley, "The Bible in the Medieval Schools" (197-219).

4. S. J. P. van Dijk, " The Bible in Liturgical Use" (220-251).

5. E. I. J. Rosenthal, "The Study of the Bible in Medieval Judaism"

Four other chapters in Vol. 2 are dedicated to the text and reception of Scripture until Erasmus.


The series was initially edited by K. Aland and W. Schneemelcher.

Vol. 13, W. A. Bienert, "Allegorie" und "Anagoge" bei Didymos dem Blinden von Alexandria 1972. Vol. 14, D. Hagedorn, ed., Der Hiobkommentar des Arianers Julian 1973. Vol. 19, E. Muhlenberg, Psalmenkommentare aus der Katenenuberlieferung, 3 vols. 1975-78.

Vol. 24, U. u. D. Hagedorn, eds., Olympiodor, Diakon von Alexandria, Kommentar zu Hiob 1984. Vol. 28, K. Torjesen, Hermeneutical Procedure and Theological Method in Origens Exegesis 1986.

iii. Studia Patristica (StPatr)

Studia Patristica I-II, K. Aland and F. L. Cross, eds., Akademie-Verlag, Berlin, 1957, published the "Papers presented to the Second International Conference on Patristic Studies held at Christ Church, Oxford" in the summer of 1955. The first such Conference at Christ Church, Oxford from the 24th to the 28th September, 1951, had been "un succès au-delà de toute attente," "a success beyond anyone's expectations." (RHE 47 [1952]: 445). Thanks to F. L. Cross, then the Librarian of Christ Church, whose inspired initiative in founding the Conferences was motivated as much by ecumenical concerns as by patristic scholarship, the "unexpected" success continued from decade to decade. The international gatherings of patristic scholars every fourth year played a central role in the spectacular flourishing of patristics for the rest of the century. From one Conference to the other, the regular publication of hundreds of papers represented a powerful river of erudition irrigating the many fields and levels of studies related to the historical retrieving of ancient Christian traditions.

The first two volumes of StPatr included twenty-one papers explicitly dealing with patristic exegesis. Four other volumes, StPatr III-VI, with a total of almost 2,000 pages, were not too much for publishing the papers of the next Conference, held in 1959; they were made available at remarkable speed in 1961 and 1962. Already A. Mandouze was alarmed by what he called "Mesure et démesure de la Patristique" (StPatr III, 3-19), denouncing the "ex-cessiveness" of patristics. Yet at the same time he seized the opportunity to express specific reactions, representative of secular academics, in what had been a predominantly clerical domain of studies. The secularizing of patristic studies from the late 1950s introduced new contributors, men and women, in a field which they quickly and methodologically reshaped and enriched in line with their own scientific interests. The phenomenon was nowhere more visible than at the Oxford Conferences, and it became specially beneficial for the study of patristic exegesis. Thirty-three titles in StPatr III-VI announce essays related to the interpretation of the Bible.

The Conference of 1963 resulted in the three volumes of StPatr VII-IX published in 1966, thanks to E. A. Livingstone, the editorial assistant of an aging Dr. Cross. The section "Biblica" in StPatr VII numbers sixteen titles, of which eight deal with the patristic interpretation of isolated passages from Scripture, a trend still in favor among the experts at that time which later on would lead to more comprehensive surveys of patristic exegesis.

After the death of Dr. Cross in December 1968, Elizabeth Livingstone published StPatr X and XI in 1970, with one hundred and twenty-five papers from the Conference of 1967, among which only ten could be located under the rubic "Biblica." Published in 1975, StPatr XII-XIV collected the papers of the Conference held in 1971, with fourteen contributions under the rubric "Biblica"; StPatr XV-XVI offered a selection of papers from the Conference of 1975, but these two volumes became available only in 1984 and 1985. This marked the end of StPatr in TU. It is worth observing that all ten papers under "Biblica" in StPatr XV handled topics which called on a comprehensive idea of the history of patristic exegesis: J. S. Alexander discusses "Aspects of Donatist Scriptural Interpretation at the Conference of Carthage of 411" (125-30), as understood in particular "against the background of earlier African exegesis" (130). "The Xermeneutic Approach of Theodoret of Cyrrhus to the ot" (131-35) is best clarified, according to G. W. Ashby, by a comparison with Alexandrian and Antiochene herme-neutics. M. J. Delage examines the significance of the First Letter of John in the sermons of Caesarius of Arles (140-46) in keeping in view the whole patristic tradition behind these sermons. G. Dorival offers a rich survey over the "history of exegetical patristic catenae on the Psalter (5th-14th c.)" and a study of Eusebius of Caesarea's Commentary on the Psalms (146-76). G. Sfameni Gasparro considers Origen's comments on the parable of the Good Samaritan in the light of "dualisti medievali" (177-84). V. Messana examines "the biblical figures of Abel and Cain in Ambrose and Augustine" against the background of patristic tropology (185-95) etc.

iv. Texte und Untersuchungen (TU)

As a series parallel to GCS, Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altkirchlichen Literatur, provides commentaries and additional studies. The series was launched by O. von Gebhardt and A. Harnack in 1882 at the University of Berlin. Interrupted from 1941 to 1951, by the end of the 1990s the reborn series included more than twenty volumes offering a special interest for the study of patristic exegesis. In addition, TU hosted Studia Patristica I-XVI, from 1957 to 1985, discussed above. The relevant monographs, or collections of essays with their numbers in the series are: 52. A. Ehrhard, Überlieferung und Bestand der hagiographischen und homiletischen Literatur der griechischen Kirche bis zum Ende des 11. Jahrhunderts, Lfg. III 2, 1-2 (1952). 61. J. Reuss, Matthäus Kommentare aus der griechischen Kirche. Aus

Katenenhandschriften gesammelt und herausgegeben (1957).

65. H. Köster, Synoptische Überlieferung bei den apostolischen Vätern

66. E. Amand de Mendieta et S. Y. Rudberg, Eustathius. Ancienne version latine des neuf homélies sur l'Hexaéméron de Basile de Césarée. Édition critique avec prolégomènes et tables (1958).

77. Kommission für spätantike Religionsgeschichte, ed., Studien zum Neuen Testament und zur Patristik, Fs. E. Klostermann, 2 vols. (1961).

83. G. Glockmann, ed., Berthold Altaner. Kleine Patristische Schriften

89. J. Reuss, Johannes-Kommentare aus der griechischen Kirche. Aus

Katenenhandschriften gesammelt und herausgegeben (1966).

99. H. Rathke, Ignatius von Antiochien und die Paulusbriefe (1967).

100. A. P. O'Hagan, Material Re-Creation in the Apostolic Fathers

109. F. Hintze und H.-M. Schenke, Die Berliner Handschrift der Sahidischen Apostelgeschichte (P. 15 926) bearbeitet und herausgegeben (1970).

113-114. F. Petit, L'ancienne version latine des Questions sur la Genèse de

Philon d'Alexandrie. I. Édition critique; II. Commentaire (1973). 118. C. Wolff, Jeremia im Frühjudentum und Urchristentum (1976).

121. A. Strobel, Ursprung und Geschichte des frühchristlichen Oster-kalenders (1977).

122. K. Zelzer, Die alten lateinischen Thomasakten (1977).

123. E. Amand de Mendieta et S. Y. Rudberg, Basile de Césarée. La tra-

dition manuscrite directe des neuf Homélies sur l'Hexaéméron. Étude philologique (1980).

125. F. Paschke, ed., Überlieferungsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen (1981). 127. H.-M. Schenke, ed., Das Matthäusevangelium im Mittelägyptischen

Dialekt des Koptischen (Codex Scheide) (1981).

130. J. Reuss, Lukas-Kommentare aus der griechischen Kirche. Aus Katenen-handschriften gesammelt und herausgegben (1984).

131. A. F. J. Klijn, ed., Der lateinische Text der Apokalypse des Esra. Mit einem Indexgrammaticus von C. Mussies (1983).

133. J. Dummer, ed., Texte und Textkritik. Eine Aufsatzsammlung (1987). Vols. 124, 125 and 133 represent a Festschrift which became a Memorial for Marcel Richard after his death in 1976. 137. H.-M. Schenke, ed., Apostelgeschichte 1, 1-15, 3 im mittelägyptischen

Dialekt des Koptischen (Codex Glazier) (1991) 139. H. G. Thümmel, Die Frühgeschichte der ostkirchlichen Bilderlehre. Texte und Untersuchungen zur Zeit vor dem Bilderstreit (1992).

The monumental contribution of TU to twentieth-century patristics not only fixed high standards for generations of scholars, but achieved in a large measure the complex integration and inner cohesion of the discipline itself. The characteristic move of twentieth century patristics from the status of an auxiliary science for biblical scholars and church historians to the autonomy of a consistent field of historical studies was strongly promoted by TU. TU's own self-imposed limitation was due to the fact that its main editors never made a clear-cut difference between the study of nt writings and the study of the patristic legacy in their "history of early Christian literature," hence they welcomed massive volumes of "Studia Evangelica" papers from Oxford conferences. Kurt Aland, who was the prominent force among the editorial team of TU after World War II, was also in the process of producing the twentieth century edition of the nt, presenting a critical apparatus with all the significant readings of the nt text noted in patristic literature. That highly promising junction of exegetical and patristic inquiries on the level of nt text criticism was a clear signal for the future: professional exegetes of both Testaments became increasingly aware of the needed complementarity of patristics, at the same time that patristic scholars began to pay more attention to exegetical methodologies. As K. Aland was at that time the editor of TU, one easily sees why the Berlin series of TU welcomed the Oxford series of "Studia Evangelica."

As the French saying goes, "Qui trop embrasse mal étreint." Because of the overwhelming abundance of material to be published, unacceptable delays were imposed on some of the volumes, and the "Studia Patristica," chronologically conditioned by the Patristic Conferences held at Oxford every four years, had to find another editorial frame after 1985.

v. Traditio Exegetica Graeca (TEG)

1-4. F. Petit, La chaîne sur la Genèse. Édition intégrale. 1991-96.

5. J. Frieshman and L. Van Rompay, The Book of Genesis in Jewish and Oriental Christian Interpretation. A Collection of Essays. 1997.

6. R. B. ter Haar Romeny, A Syrian in Greek Dress. The Use of Greek, Hebrew and Syriac Biblical Texts in Eusebius of Emesa's Commentary on Genesis. 1997.

7. D. J. Bingham, Irenaeus' Use of Matthews Gospel in Adversus Haereses.

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