Abelard, Peter, French scholastic philosopher and shaper of modern theology (1079-1142)
Ambrose, bishop of Milan who created the first postapostolic hymns and chants
Aquinas, Thomas, Italian theologian and philosopher who wrote Summa Theologica;
he was the first to articulate the doctrine of transubstantiation (1225-1274)
Aristotle, Greek philosopher (384-322 BC)
Arnobius of Sicca, early Christian apologist in Africa (d. 330)
Athanasius, theologian and bishop of Alexandria (296-373)
Augustine of Hippo, bishop of Hippo and influential theologian and writer
Barth, Karl, Swiss Reformed theologian (1886-1968)
Beza, Theodore, John Calvin's "right-hand man" (1519-1605)
Bruce, E E, British Bible scholar (1910-1990)
Brunner, Emil, Swiss theologian (1889-1966)
Bucer, Martin, German Reformer (1491-1551)
Bushnell, Horace, Congregationalist minister (1802-1876)
Calvin, John, French Reformer (1509-1564)
Carlstadt, Andreas, German Reformer (1480-1541)
Charlemagne, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (ca. 742-814)
Chemnitz, Martin, Lutheran theologian who was part of the "Protestant Scholastics"
Chrysostom, John, Christian orator from Constantinople (347-407)
Clement of Alexandria, Christian teacher who united Greek philosopohy with Christian doctrine and the first to use the phrase "going to church" (150-215) Clement of Rome, bishop of Rome who first used the term laity in contrast with clergy (died about 100)
Constantine I, emperor who promoted Christianity throughout the Roman Empire (ca. 285-337)
Cyprian of Carthage, bishop of Carthage, theologian, and writer (ca. 200-258)
Cyril of Jerusalem, bishop of Jerusalem who introduced a prayer for the Holy Spirit to transform the elements of the Eucharist (315-386)
Darby, John Nelson, one of the founders of the Plymouth Brethren movement who built his theology on "proof-texting" (1800-1882)
Dick, Albert Blake, inventor of stencil duplicating (1856-1934)
Dow, Lorenzo, Methodist evangelist who invited people forward to receive prayer (1777-1834)
Durant, Will, American historian, writer, and philosopher (1885-1981) Earle, Absolom B., inventor of the "decision" card (1812-1895) Edwards, Jonathan, Congregational minister and theologian (1703-1758) Elizabeth I, queen of England who reorganized the liturgy of the Church of England (1533-1603)
Eusebius, bishop of Caesarea and early church historian (ca. 260—ca. 340) Finney, Charles, American evangelist who popularized the "altar call" (1792-1875) Foote, William Henry, Presbyterian minister (1794-1869)
Fuller, Charles, American clergyman and radio evangelist who popularized the phrase "personal savior" (1887-1968)
Goodwin, Thomas, Puritan preacher, writer, and chaplain to Oliver Cromwell
Gregory of Nazianzus, Cappadocian church father who developed the idea of the priest as a "holy man" (329-389)
Gregory of Nyssa, Cappadocian church father who developed the idea of "sacerdotal endowment" (330-395)
Gregory of Tours, bishop of Tours who introduced colored glass into church buildings (538-593)
Gregory the Great, pope who shaped the Mass (540-604) Guinness, H. G., London pastor (1835-1910) Gutenberg, Johann, printer of the Bible (1396-1468)
Hastings, Thomas, composer who worked with Charles Finney (1784-1872) Hatch, Edwin, English theologian and historian (1835-1889)
Hippolytus, Roman priest who wrote that the bishop has power to forgive sins (170-236)
Huss, John, Bohemian Reformer (1372-1415)
Ignatius of Antioch, bishop of Antioch who elevated the "bishop" above other elders (35-107)
Innocent I, pope who made infant baptism mandatory (d. 417)
Irenaeus, bishop of Lyons and theologian who wrote about apostolic succession (130-200)
Isidore of Pelusium, monk and writer who ascribed symbolic interpretations to priestly vestments (d. ca. 450)
Jerome, Latin church father and creator of the Latin Vulgate; he advocated special robes for the clergy (342-420)
Justin Martyr, influential Christian teacher and apologist (100-165) Kierkegaard, Soren, Danish philosopher and theologian (1813-1855) Knox, John, Scottish Reformer (1513-1572)
Lactantius, Latin Christian apologist and teacher of rhetoric (ca. 240—ca. 320) Langton, Stephen, professor of the University of Paris and later Archbishop of Canterbury; he added chapters to the Bible (ca. 1150-1228) Leo I (Leo the Great), pope who established the primacy of Rome (d. 440) Luther, Martin, German Reformer (1483-1546) Moody, D. L., influential American evangelist (1837-1899) More, Hannah, cofounder of Sunday school (1745-1833) More, Sir Thomas, English lawyer, author, and statesman (1478-1535) Mott, John, American Methodist and founder of the Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions (1865-1955)
Newton, John, Anglican clergyman and author of the hymn "Amazing Grace"
Origen, Christian scholar and theologian who organized doctrinal concepts into systematic theology (185-254)
Owen, John, English theologian and Puritan writer (1616-1683) Pascal, Blaise, religious philosopher and mathematician (1623-1662)
Plato, Greek philosopher (427-347 BC)
Plotinus, founder of the influential pagan philosophy of Neoplatonism (205-270) Radbertus, Paschasius (Radbert), French theologian (790-865)
Raikes, Robert, English philanthropist and Anglican layman who founded and promoted the Sunday school (1736-1811)
Robinson, John A. T., Anglican bishop and writer (1919-1983)
Routley, Erik, English Congregationalist minister, composer, and hymn writer
Schaff, Philip, Swiss theologian and historian (1819-1893)
Serapion, bishop of Thmuis who introduced a prayer for the Holy Spirit to transform the elements of the Eucharist (d. after 360)
Simons, Menno, Anabaptist leader (1496-1561)
Siricius, pope who required that clergy be celibate (334-399)
Smith, Chuck, founder of Calvary Chapel and the "worship team" concept (1927- ) Socrates, Greek philosopher (470-399 BC)
Spurgeon, Charles, British Reformed Baptist preacher (1834-1892)
Stephanus, Robert (Estienne), Parisian scholar and printer who added verses to the
New Testament (1503-1559)
Stephen I, pope who argued for the preeminence of the Roman bishop (d. 257) Stock, Thomas, Gloucester minister who may have given Robert Raikes the idea of
Sunday school (1750-1803)
Suger, abbot of St. Denis who introduced glass with sacred paintings (1081-1151) Sunday, Billy, American evangelist (1862-1935)
Tertullian, theologian and apologist from Carthage who first used the term clergy to set apart church leaders (160-225)
Trimmer, Sarah, cofounder of Sunday school (1741-1810)
Turretin, Francis, Swiss Reformed pastor and theologian who was part of the "Protestant Scholastics" (1623-1687)
Tyndale, William, English Reformer and scholar who translated the Bible into English (ca. 1494-1536)
Watts, Isaac, prolific English hymn writer (1674-1748)
Wesley, Charles, English Methodist who is remembered for his hymns (1707-1788) Wesley, John, English Methodist evangelist and theologian (1703-1791) Whitefield, George, English evangelist during the First Great Awakening
Wimber, John, leader of the Vineyard Movement (1934-1997)
Wren, Sir Christopher, architect of London cathedrals who popularized the steeple
Zwingli, Ulrich, Swiss Reformer (1484-1531)
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FRANK VIOLA is an influential voice in the contemporary house church movement. For the last twenty years, he has been gathering with organic house churches in the United States. Frank has written eight revolutionary books on radical church restoration, including God's Ultimate Passion and The Untold Story of the New Testament Church. He is a nationally recognized expert on new trends for the church, holds conferences on the deeper Christian life, and is actively engaged in planting New Testament—styled churches. His Web site, www.frankviola.com, contains many free resources designed to enrich the spiritual lives of God's people. Frank and his family live in Gainesville, Florida.
GEORGE BARNA is the chairman of Good News Holdings, a multimedia firm in Los Angeles that produces movies, television programming, and other media content. He is also the founder and Directing Leader of The Barna Group, a research and resource firm in Ventura, California, whose clients have ranged from ministries such as the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association and Focus on the Family to corporations such as Ford and Walt Disney, as well as the U.S. Navy and U.S. Army. To date, Barna has written thirty-nine books, including best sellers such as Revolution, Revolutionary Parenting, Transforming Children into Spiritual Champions, The Frog in the Kettle, and The Power of Vision. He has been hailed as "the most quoted person in the Christian church today" and is counted among its most influential leaders. Barna lives with his wife, Nancy, and their three daughters (Samantha, Corban, and Christine) in Southern California.
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Committed, born-again Christians are exiting the established church in massive numbers. Why are they leaving? Where are they going? And what does this mean for the future of the church? In this groundbreaking book, George Barna examines the state of the church today—and compares it to the biblical picture of the church as God intended it to be.
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What happens when a Christian hires an atheist to accompany him to church? Find out by following Jim Henderson's journey across the country with skeptic Matt Casper as they visit twelve of America's churches and document their experiences at and reactions to each one. Their eye-opening, entertaining dialogue opens the way for authentic, attentive friendship between Christians and nonbelievers.
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