Dialogue and profession

History consists of many facets and lives on by the multitude of stories. Stories, however, have to be narrated by those who have experienced them. Where people meet one another by exchanging stories and narratives, they make a twofold experience On the one hand, it is wonderful that people can listen to and understand each other. On the other hand, it is painful when people do not understand each other and do not have any possibility to come to an understanding. For both there are good...

Dominus Iesus

Dominus Iesus is the formula of a profession of faith in Jesus Christ Jesus is the Lord. On September 5, 2000, the Roman Congregation of Faith published a declaration, which had been signed by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger on August 6, titled with its opening words Dominus Iesus. The two words express a program 1 The declaration deals, first of all, with Jesus Christ, his uniqueness and his universal meaning for the history of salvation, and in its final chapters also with the Church. Unfortunately...

Dialogue

In these daysdialogue has become a key-word. The term counts for the observation that humankind does not only possess language, but that humans are essentially conversation in German we say Gespr ch whereby the prefix Ge- connected with a noun forms a collective in which a plurality is gathered as in Gespr ch which consists in a collective of speech actions and leads to an exchange of speech. Thus humans might be even defined as beings who essentially are existent by 1 See Brhadaranyaka...

Religiosity spirituality

Wherever the concept of religion as used in science of religions becomes predominant, religion is mostly understood in a general, generic sense. It is described in its phenomena, structures and historical data there is hardly an invitation to identify oneself with the study object religion. Personally the individual scholar might belong to a certain religious community however, he can just stand totally aloof from any religion. Since religion today has little to do with its original historical...

Table of contents

Instead of Christianity Jesus the Christ 15 Dominus Iesus 15 Not Christianity Jesus the Christ 16 Religious Origin Founders 18 Christ Classified 19 No Handle on the Cross (Kosuke Koyama) 21 On the Way to Following Christ 24 Chapter 2. Religion - Religions - Religiosity 27 Religion in European Understanding 28 Chapter 3. 1550 Years after Chalcedon 45 Chalcedon - End or Beginning (Karl Rahner) 45 Negative Christology 46 Separation instead of Distinction 48 Jesus Christ, the Universal...

Truth

The problem of truth cannot be solved by simply referring to every day's popular understanding, where truth is the conformity between what is asserted and what is, or conformity of intellection and being, or of thought speech and being. There are various questions (1) concerning human intelligibility and the capacity of knowing and grasping truth (extension of human knowledge, linguistic limitations in expressing truth, etc.) (2) referring to the distinction of things (objects) and persons...

From buddhism

The four noble truths from the sermon of the buddha mahavagga i 6, 19- 232 This, O Bhikkus, is the Noble Truth of Suffering. Birth is suffering decay is suffering illness is suffering death is suffering Presence of objects we have, is suffering separation from objects we love is suffering not to obtain what we desire, is suffering, Briefly, the fivefold clinging to existence is suffering. This, O Bhikkus, is the Noble Truth of the Cause of suffering. Thirst, that leads to re-birth, accompanied...

Rigveda x 1291

Then neither Being nor Not-being was, Nor atmosphere, nor firmament, nor what is beyond. What did it encompass Where In whose protection What was water, the deep, unfathomable Neither death nor immortality was there then, No sign of night or day. That One (tad ekam) breathed, windless, by its own energy (svadha) Nought else existed then. In the beginning was darkness swathed in darkness All this was but unmanifested water. Whatever was, that One, coming into being, hidden by the Void, Was...

Religion religions religiosity

Before we continue dealing with Jesus and the religions we briefly have to clear up how we understand religion. Therefore, we ask in the second step How is religion understood in Christian theology What is the general understanding in public conversations Actually I would like to return to the original meaning of religion, which will teach us that this meaning cannot be simply transferred to the plurality of religions. At the same time we have to realize that what has been lost from the old...

Stories Of

Finally we may well ask Are not all stories of humans after all stories of God And do not all religions, after all, speak about the same God And religions without God do they really exist Answers to those questions differ as ever. To mention it in advance Religious people of the western world tend to see the same God working everywhere. This results from the fact that the Jewish God is the same whom Christians adore, and that the God of Islam - Allah - is absolutely God as such. In these...

Distinctions

Returning to our Christian self-understanding we can summarize our provisional results in the following points (1) In our theoretical debate we have to see, on the one hand, the conviction that Christianity acknowledges the life of Jesus Christ to be a universal way to salvation, that is to say, a way which is open to all members of human history, and, on the other hand, the question whether or not Christ's salvific action becomes effective for all humankind. For quite a long time the Church...

To the reader

When I started to deal with the theology of religions in the 1970s, it was rather a hobby for specialists. In the last decades, however, it became a strong challenge for theologians and for Christian communities around the world. Wherever we are, we meet with a variety of different ethnic and religious groups. By surfing the internet we come across plenty of invitations to events in Hindu, Buddhist and new religious centers and circles. And yet, in view of many questions about religion which...

Godrelation Andor Human Work

In recalling the process of secularization worldwide we face another problem which we have to deal with. Where religion is an object of research of sciences which is unrelated to the concrete act of faith, the question of the very founder of religion in general and of the single religion is of little interest. That is to say The question whether or not God stands behind the different founders of a particular religion or with whose authority a religion comes about, is finally an open question....

Keyword theology of religions

(1) Matter in question The necessity of dealing with other religions in theology results from the fact that in modern society as well as in the Church people become aware of the growing influence of other religions. Therefore theology has to deal with two questions (a) the estimation of different religious messages, (b) a reexamination of theological positions related to other religions. Insofar as religions are attempted answers to the basic human questions and are also occupied with origin...

Glossary

Note The Glossary contains only concepts referred to in the book. Atman Literally Sanskrit breath, to breathe, often translated with soul, principle of life, spirit, at first principle of individual life, later also world soul. In the Upanishads (-> Veda) atman is mostly identified with brahman principle of unity in or behind all diversity, so that atman and Brahman, the absolute reality, are one or not-two (in the understanding of the advaita- Not-Two doctrine). The Hindu doctrine is...

Stories In History

If we like to name the wide field where people are used to meet with each other in one word, we have to say history. Wherever we do it, it might happen that at first westerners do so. For undoubtedly in western thinking the history of humankind and world history is the central place where unity and community on the one hand, plurality and diversity on the other hand comes across. Certainly the modern turn toward history was one of the most significant moments which in consequence contributed to...

Religious origins founders

As soon as Christianity is set alongside other religions, the historical Jesus of Nazareth will be aligned with the founders of other religions. Among the religions, of course, there are those without a founder (tribal and natural religions, illiterate, so calledprimitive religions). This applies in India to most of the Hindu-religions, in Japan to Shinto and in Korea to the original religion, especially to most of the classical religions in Africa, the South Sea and other countries with...

Profession

A person, who talks about his spiritual experiences, becomes a confessor or a witness of faith. If interreligious dialogue is not to end up in a mere exchange of information, it calls for a profession of one's belief. That is the case because people who approach each other with an open and sincere heart, cannot pass over their most precious good in silence. Who believes that he should conceal the most precious he possesses, is either egoistic or unwilling to share, or he himself is not...

Separation Instead Of Distinction

The separation of the Word and Jesus of Nazareth is explicitly mentioned in the notification about Jacque Dupuis and again in Dominus Iesus nr. 10f. In nr. 2 of the notification it is stated It must also be firmly believed that Jesus of Nazareth, Son of Mary and only Savior of the world, is the Son and Word of the Father. For the unity of the divine plan centered in Jesus Christ, it must also be held that the salvific action of the Word is accomplished in and through Jesus Christ, the Incarnate...

No handle on the cross kosuke koyama

The Japanese theologian Kosuke Koyama sums up his image of Christ in the sentence, No handle on the Cross and made it the title of a book.9 Koyama directs our attention toward the central event in the life of Jesus, his death on the cross, which in Christianity is accepted as a saving event for all humankind, unique in its offer and its effect. The impossibility of classifying Jesus is based upon an ultimately radically changed understanding of God. Koyama expresses the incomparabil-ity of...

Karl rahner

When in 1951 the 1500th anniversary of the Council of Chalcedon was commemorated, Karl Rahner wrote an article Chalcedon - End or Beginning 1 Rahner pleaded for beginning because - as he wrote - the knowledge of God can only be genuine, only make blessed, in the knowledge of his incomprehensibility at that point, then, in which comprehension and the determining limits of what is known are jointly transcended in the Incomprehensible and the Unlimited. And he continues Because every truth of the...

Hans Waldenfels

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING-IN-PUBLICATION DATA Waldenfels, Hans. Christus und die Religionen. English Jesus Christ and the religions an essay in theology of religions Hans Waldenfels. p. cm. Marquette studies in theology no. 62 Includes bibliographical references p. and index. ISBN-13 978-0-87462-739-8 pbk. alk. paper ISBN-10 0-87462-739-7 pbk. alk. paper 1. Theology of religions Christian theology 2. Jesus Christ Person and offices. I. Title. BT83.85.W36 2009 261.2 dc22 2009 Marquette...

Acknowledgments

When Terentianus Maurus, a Latin grammarian, probably living toward the end of the 2nd century A.D., wrote this, he was thinking about the reader who determines the destiny of a book. For the full text of the often-cited verse claims that pro captu lectoris, depending on the capacity of the reader, little books have their fate. However, I am of the opinion that books find their destiny already in the time of their origin. At least regarding this little book I can confirm...