Other Christians found the teachings of the Gospels to be misunderstood or misrepresented by opponents. They realized that they needed skills in logic and rhetoric to disprove them. Thus Christians saw the need for studying the traditional subjects of the seven liberal arts that the ancient Greeks and Romans studied—grammar, rhetoric, dialectic, arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy—to defend and explain the teachings of the Gospels. Saint Augustine, in his work On Christian Teaching, argued strongly that these studies were key to understanding, explaining, and defending the biblical writings.
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