More than 200 years later, in 1478, a different form of inquisition was founded by Ferdinand (1452-1516) and Isabella (1451-1504) in Spain. The Spanish Inquisition was a more pronouncedly civil instrument. It was used to persecute those Jews and Muslims who had been forcibly converted to Christianity at the end of the 15 th century but whom the church never trusted. It was essentially an arm of the Spanish state, designed to destroy all who might think or act differently. The English were horrified by the Inquisition, and so they were particularly joyful when they defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588, which Catholic king of Spain, Philip, had sent to England.
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