The Monastic Movement

One such way was the development of monasticism, a movement that began in Egypt in the fourth century and quickly spread throughout the Christian world. The monastic movement is the ancient source of the present-day religious orders in the Catholic Church and the communities of monks and nuns in the Orthodox and Eastern Catholic churches. The origins of the monastic movement are usually traced back to a man named Anthony (251-356), who lived in Egypt in the fourth century. Monastic life entailed a withdrawal from worldly affairs in favor of dedication to a religious life of poverty, chastity, and obedience.

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