Paul, a key writer of the New Testament who was martyred in 64, may have preached to the Jews (also known sometimes as Hebrews), but it is not for that work that he is best known. As he says in his Letter to the Galatians, a Gentile (non-Jewish) people to whom he had preached about Christ, he had been a very fervent Jew. He studied under the great Rabbi Gamaliel. He even persecuted the Christians and was present at the death of the first Christian martyr, Stephen. However, God brought him to a dramatic conversion. His original name was Saul of the city of Tarsus, but after his conversion he used the Greek version of his name, Paul, and it is as Paul that he is known as the Apostle to the Gentiles.
Paul's letters to the many Christian communities show a man of tireless energy and daring adventures. His journeys are recounted in the Acts of the Apostles, Chapters 13-28.
There were tensions in these very early days of the church. Some favored a more Jewish form of Christianity. Paul argued that this was "another Gospel," that is, a distorted Gospel, and that the New Law as preached by Jesus Christ should be followed.
After much dispute with those who wanted to preserve the Christian ties with the Jewish tradition, Paul's argument won out.
The church would be built on the foundation of the New Law as taught by Christ himself.
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