In 529, the same year that Rome fell to invaders, the Benedictine monastery of Monte Cassino was founded. It was in this monastery that many of the literary and scientific works of the Roman world were copied and preserved for the future. The works of writers such as Cicero (106-43 b.c.e.), Virgil (70-19 b.c.e.), Seneca (4 b.c.e.-65 c.E.), and the many other educa
St. Francis of Assisi is one of the most popular saints in Christian history. He is known for his life of poverty and prayer and his love of nature in which he saw the work of the Creator in all creatures. The stigmata, the marks of Christ's crucifixion on his hands and feet, were a sign of his life devoted to following the crucified Christ.
tors of Rome were copied by the monastic scribes. These works, along with the Bible, formed the building blocks of the educational reform of Charlemagne (ca. 742-814) that was headed by
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