Tensions Between Eastern And Western Christianity

Not only had Constantine made Christianity the favored religion of the empire, he had also moved the empire's capital in 330 from Rome to Byzantium, a city in Ancient Greece, which he renamed Constantinople. This seat of political power then became a center of ecclesiastical importance. Rome retained a place of honor, but Constantinople, Antioch, Alexandria, and Jerusalem in the eastern half of the Roman Empire were regional centers that made claims of independence in the running of the regional churches under their care.

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