The Catholic and Orthodox churches view sex as something naturally good. The primary purpose of sex is to produce children, if God grants this benefit, and to foster mutual love. The official attitude is that in the fostering of mutual love, sexual partners cannot by artificial means deliberately impede the natural goal of sexual union: the production of children. The Catholic prohibition against the use of condoms to prevent conception has come under even more intense criticism with the extensive spread of AIDS. Many, disagreeing, see condom use as the chief way to protect against contracting HIV.
The teaching of the churches regarding sexuality has many ramifications. Sexual union of unmarried persons is forbidden, since they are not in a formally committed relationship to raise the children who would be expected naturally to follow from their sexual union. Adultery, or sexual union with a person who is married to someone else, is forbidden for the same reasons.
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