As pope, Benedict XVI's office has further requirements. Gregory the Great viewed the pope as "the servant of the servants of God." Others have seen the parable of the Good Shepherd as the guide for bishops and popes. Some cardinals have suggested that Cardinal Ratzinger was elected to succeed Pope John Paul II because the 115 cardinal electors desired to find someone most like Pope John Paul.
Benedict has proved to be a surprise to many because he has opened up the Papacy to new ideas and has become a powerful force for reflection on contemporary society and Catholicism.
His strong emphasis on ecology, his opposition to the war in Iraq, his moving first encyclical on the meaning of love—which some have described as more like a poem than a papal missive— have all shown him to be someone willing to tackle deep issues profoundly.
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