Martin Luther (1483-1546), an Augustinian monk, raised such issues. On October 31, 1517, he nailed the 95 theses to the door of Wittenberg Cathedral in Germany. In the document, he accused the Roman Catholic Church of being too involved with political and material ambition. In his pamphlet "On Christian Liberty" he established the division between the political and spiritual, the natural and the supernatural, the human and the divine. According to Luther the Roman Church had compromised too much with this world. It had blurred the distinction between political and religious power with its theory of merit by human efforts and by its doctrine on indulgences, which allowed people to use money to obtain forgiveness and heavenly rewards.
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