On April 19, 2005, Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger was elected to succeed Pope John Paul. He took the name Benedict XVI. Cardinal Ratzinger had for much of his priestly life been a professor of philosophy and theology, a scholar in the history of Christian teachings, and the author of many books. He was appointed by Pope John Paul II to lead the revision of The Catechism of the Catholic Church, a work published in 1992. Earlier, in 1981, he was nominated by his predecessor as prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, an office that required him to be the guardian of the Catholic faith.
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