Christ's first apostles were not scholars. They were fishermen. Christ did not suggest that scholars were particularly qualified to preach the Gospel.

Christian scholars such as Tertullian (ca. 160-ca. 225), himself a highly educated person, wished to employ his intellectual talents in the service of the simplicity of the Gospel and was afraid that the worldly wisdom of his time would undermine Christian teachings. For example, the schools of the classical world of Greece and Rome used for their basic texts the works of writers such as Homer and Virgil, with their tales of vengeful gods and stories of heroes who seemed to be centered upon their own achievements. There were in fact many reasons for Christians to become anti-intellectual, since the early Greek and Roman intellectual worlds, from a Christian perspective, offered such poor examples to follow.

Many resisted this temptation, however. Justin Martyr (ca. 100-ca. 165) realized that his search for life's meaning through the study of pagan classics was not satisfying. He was looking for something more than these classics provided, and so he turned to the study of the Gospels.

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