Often called chrismation in the Orthodox tradition, confirmation signifies the indwelling of the Holy Spirit upon the baptized person, just as the Spirit came upon the disciples on the first Pentecost. This sacrament strengthens a baptized person in the Christian faith and confers the grace that will enable that person to grow to spiritual adulthood. During this ceremony the baptized person is marked with the sign of the cross in chrism, or

A Catholic bishop conferring confirmation on a girl in Manchester, England. Receiving this sacrament is an important stage in the religious life of a young person and represents a coming of age. It is also a time of celebration for family, friends, and the church community.

holy oil (a sign of strength). In the Orthodox tradition this sacrament is conferred on the baptized person immediately following the sacrament ofbaptism. In the Catholic tradition the sacrament of confirmation represents the coming of age of the Catholic and so is not administered to infants. Another slight difference is that in the Catholic Church the bishop is the ordinary minister of the sacrament of confirmation. In the Orthodox and Eastern Catholic churches a priest is also permitted to confer this sacrament on those who are to receive it.

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