Daily offices

The Daily Office of the Syrian Orthodox as celebrated in Jerusalem today groups the offices into two; None, Vespers and Compline at 4 p.m. in winter, and Nocturns, Matins with Terce and Sext at 6.30 a.m. Scholars note a difference between what is termed the use of Antioch and that of Tikrit. Vespers (Ramso) commences with the common liturgical opening, prayer, Psalm 51 and a variable psalm. This may indicate the influence of the monastic office. There then follows a preparatory prayer and the core of Eastern Vespers, Psalms 141, 142, 119: 105-17, and 117. Then comes husoyo, promion, sedro, with incensing, qolo, etro, qolo, bo'utho, hullolo, Gospel, tesmesto, final prayers including trisagion and Lord's Prayer, and hutomo. A form of Compline is usually attached to Vespers. It includes Psalm 4, promion, sedro, qolo, bo'utho, Psalm 91 and 121, tesbohta, Creed and blessing. Matins (Lilyo and Safro) includes fixed psalmody at various points, eqbo, husoyo, bo'utho, as well as sedro, Magnificat (recited twice, once in Lilyo and then again in Safro) and Gloria in excelsis. The major part of Lilyo is made up of three units called qawme (stations) and 'eddone (periods). The minor Hours are made up of poetic material and prayers. They have an opening prayer, and promion, sedro, qolo and bo'utho. Their theme tends to be watchfulness and following God's will, guided by the saints and the Theotokos.

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