The Armenian Tonatsoyts (Typikon) in use in the Armenian Church today received its final shape during the Catholicate of Simeon Erevantsi, who first published it in 1775. The Armenian Church adopted the Gregorian calendar on 6 November 1923 with the exception of Tiflis (Georgian diocese), and in the Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem where, because of the 'status quo of the Holy Places', the Julian calendar is still followed.

The Armenian calendar differs from the calendar system of the other churches, in that it is based on the weekly cycle. This follows the earlier tradition in which the days of the week, especially Sunday (and later the fast days Wednesday and Friday) were the controlling element in Christian festive celebration. The Armenian calendar respects this primitive practice in that feasts of saints can never be celebrated on Sunday, Wednesday, or Friday. Though the saints have a date assigned for remembrance in the synaxarion, when that falls on a Sunday, Wednesday, or Friday, the commemoration must be transferred. On the other hand, some important feasts of our Lord and the Virgin are transferred to the Sunday nearest their fixed date. Consequently, about 150 days of the year are put aside for fasting and penance, during which time saints cannot be commemorated. Another 150 or so days remain for the commemoration of the saints. The feasts of the Lord are observed during the remaining days of the year. Hence, all the feast days in the Armenian calendar are moveable except for these six: (1) Theophany and Nativity, 6 January; (2) Presentation of the Lord to the Temple, 14 February; (3) Annunciation, 7 April; (4) Feast of the Birth of St Mary the Virgin, 8 September; (5) Presentation of the Holy Mother-of-God, 21 November; (6) Conception of the Virgin Mary by Anne, 9 December.

The liturgical year of the Armenian Church divides into four sections: (1) The period of Theophany (Advent); (2) The Great Period of Pascha (Easter); (3) The Period of Transfiguration (Assumption); (4) The Great Period of Extra-Pascha (Exaltation).

The Armenian Church still retains the ancient tradition of celebrating both the birth and baptism of Christ together on 6 January. F. C. Conybeare maintained that until the year 440 Armenia observed only the baptism of Christ on 6 January. The Armenian Church, he said, had no commemoration of Jesus' birth. It was Catholicos Yovhannes Mandakuni (478-90) who combined the commemoration of the birth with that of the baptism in 482.

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