Info

devotional reading, 9i eastern Christianities under Islam

(iith-i4th centuries), literary culture of, 392-7

Greek college ofSt Athanasius, Rome, i88

Kiev Academy, 228, 339

lay piety and religious experience in Russia

L'viv, papal academy in, 434

modern secular learning, Orthodox views on, 202-9 modern spiritual renewal and, 589-90 Mohyla, Peter, in Ukraine, 309, 324 Patriarch Ioakim's attempt to establish

Muscovite theological academy, 323 patriarchal academy in Constantinople, i92, 202, 204, 208 Russia attempt to return church to distinctively Russian roots, 332-5

clerical education, synodal reform of,

328, 352

diaspora, 552-5

St Tikhon's Orthodox Theological Institute, 589 Sunday School Movement in Coptic

Christianity, 495, 501, 504, 505, 583, 590 Syrian Catholics, 517 eggs as part of Easter tradition, antiquity of, 86

Egypt

Copts. See Coptic Christianity French Expedition (1798-1801), 489, 492 Mamluk sultanate, 388 Melkites in, 377 monasteries in, 397,398, 399 Saladin, 38i Ejmiacin, Armenian monastery of, 422, 436,

437, 438, 441, 443, 446, 447-9, 451 Ekmalean, Makar, 448 Elasson, church of the Olympiotissa at, 150 Elena of Moldavia, 260 Elevferii (Bogoiavlenskii), Russian metropolitan, 553 Elias ibn al-Hadithi, 395 Elias II (Ignatius XXXVI), Syrian patriarch, 514 Elias of Nisibis, 394 Eliayean, Zawen, 450

Eliazar (Aynt'apc'i), Armenian patriarch of Jerusalem and Constantinople, 438 Elie ibn Shinaya (Nestorian metropolitan), 393 Elijah as icon subject, 279 Elizabeth, St, 264 Elizabeth (Russian empress), 328 embroidery iconographic conventions carried over to, 296

palls for saints' tombs, 296 women's devotional art in Russia

(1380-1589), 264. See also vestments Emin, Yovsep', 442

Emmanuel III (Chaldean patriarch), 530

enamel plaques sent by Michael VII Doukas to Geeza ofHungary, 5 England. See Britain enkolpia, 92

Enlightenment, 202-9, 443. See also holy synod, Russian Church under; Latin-Orthodox relations from Reformation to Enlightenment environment and ecology Chernobyl, 573 in modern Orthodoxy, 598 Ephraim (abbot of Philotheou, Mount

Athos), 587 Ephraim the Syrian, St, 145, 308, 311 Ephrem, St, missionaries of,5i6 Ephremite Sisters of the Mother of Mercy, congregation of, 517 Epifanii the Wise, 44, 262, 268, 283 Epiphany, medieval celebration of,86 Epiros, Tocco family of, 70 episcopate

Coptic Christianity, 492, 507 Ethiopian Christianity See Ethiopian

Christianity sanctuary space, portrayal of bishops in, i34-6

Erewanc'i, Oskan, 433 Erewanc'i, Simeon, 443 Erkaynabazuk, Zak'are and Ivane, 414 Ermogen (archbishop of Kaluga), 570 Erznkac'i, Kostandin, 420 Erzurum, Armenian monastery of,44i eschatology

Armenian evangelical Protestant mission and, 444

Armenian expectations following Seljuq invasions, 4i6 belief that world would end in i492, 266 as connecting strand in Byzantine

Commonwealth, 46 in Counter-Reformation Russia and

Ukraine, 3ii, 32i French Revolution's effects on Orthodox

Church, 205 Latin conquest of Byzantium and, i4 Moscow as New Constantinople/New Rome/New Israel and expectations regarding, 9 popular piety and, 98 Eshliman, Nikolai, 569

Esphigmenou (monastery on Mount Athos), 20, 583

Estifanos (Ethiopian monk), 469

Estonian Lutherans, 330, 33i Ethiopian Christianity, 457-6i

Alexandria, reliance on, 457, 460, 48i autocephaly of,484, 486, 487 christological issues in. See Christology Confessio Claudii, 477 diaspora of, 467 episcopate christological controversies and, 478,

479-8i development and indigenisation of, 482-7

historical overview, 465, 466, 467 monasteries and royal court, tension between, 469, 470 royal church, institution of, 472, 475 European travellers to Ethiopia in i9th century, 465 historical overview of, 46i-7 Islam and, 459, 462-3 Italian occupation, 467, 476, 483, 484 Jesuit contacts in i7th century, 463, 476-8

marital practices, 460, 469, 470 monasteries and monasticism, role of, 460, 46i, 467-i

Oromo migrations, effect of, 463, 47i, 474,

Orthodox qualities of, 460 royal church, institution of, 47i-6 royal court, importance of, 467-i Sabbath as holy day equal to Sunday, 460,

462, 470

Semitic roots of, 460 Takla Haymanot. See Takla Haymanot and Saiga doctrine ethnophyletism, 242, 243, 246, 54i-2, 593 Eucharist

Addai and Mari, eucharistic prayer of,

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