Info

Lyons, first council of (i245), 4i8 Lyons, second council of (i274), 4i9 Lyons, union of (i274), 58-6i, 4i9

Macedonian church, 578 'Macedonian Question' (i903-8), 242 Maillet, Benoit de, 490 Maria-Helena (daughter of last Serbian despot Lazar), i63 Majilis al-Milli (community council) in Coptic

Christianity, 495, 498-500, 504 Makarenko, Anton, 564, 565 Makarii (Ivanov), Russian monk, 338

Makarii (metropolitan under Ivan IV), 11, 48,

Makarios, St, 504, 505. See also St Makarios,

Coptic monastery of al-Makin ibn al-'Amid, 396 Maksim Grek (Maxim the Greek), 49 Malabar Church of India, 528 Malankara Church of India, 514 Malatesta, Cleopa, 73 Mamas, St, 94 Mamluk sultanate

Armenian Christianity and, 408, 420-3 eastern Christianities under Islam, 388 overarching imperial order, Christians' sense of, 34-5 Mansür al-Balbayi, 382 Manuel, Antonios, 208 Manuel I Komnenos (emperor), 8, 55, 85,

Manuel II Palaiologos (emperor), 27,32,33, 45,

7i-3

manuscript books. See books, art and religion Manzikert, battle of (1071), 155,169, 407 al-Maqrizi, 398, 401, 402 Mar Agwen, Switzerland, Syrian Orthodox monastery of,5i4 Mar Gabriel, Syrian Orthodox monastery of,

Mar Mattai', Jacobite monastery of, 377, 378 Mar Ya'qub, Germany, Syrian Orthodox monastery of,5i4 Mararios ofPatmos, 224 Marcheville (French ambassador to

Ottomans), i98 Margounios, Maximos, 193 Marl ibn Sulayman, 392,395 Maris, conversion of,330 Maritsa, battle of (1371), 68,160,162 Mark Eugenikos (Byzantine prelate), 73, 74-5, 76, 78

Mark of Alexandria, 45 Mark the Younger, St, 182 Markianos, St, 93

Markos (Xylokarabes), ecumenical patriarch, i75

Maron, John, 377

Maronites, 377. See also Islam, eastern Christianities under crusades, effect of,383,385 modern Maronite Church, 519-23 Monothelite heresy, 377,385 marriage. See also divorce

Byzantine Empire, marriage rites of, 94-6

Constantinopolitan refugees of Ottoman conquest, problems of, i74 in Ethiopian Christianity, 460, 469,

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