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nationalism constitution of 1863, 445-6 education, secularism and cultural revival, 446, 447-9 independent Republic of Armenia, 454-5 in India, 442-3

revolutionary movements, 449-50 Soviet Republic of Armenia, 453, 454 Tanzimat era, 444-5 NewJulfa community 435-7, 442-3 one-nature Christology of, 404 in Ottoman Empire, 430-1, 439-1, 444,

449-50. See also subhead 'nationalism', this entry.

resettlement of Armenians in Cappadocia, 406

in Russia, 438-9, 446-9, 453 Soviet Republic ofArmenia, 453, 454 under Stalin, 45i, 452 Syrian Orthodox Christians and, 5i2 Tanzimat era, 444-5 in Wallachia, 434 Zart'onk' (Awakening), 445 Arnor the Earl's Poet, 3 Arsenije (Serbian bishop), 577 Arsenios the Greek, 315 art and religion. See also books, art and religion; church architecture; embroidery; icons; vestments art and religion in Armenian Christianity i050-i350, 409, 4i2 i9th and 20th centuries, 448 in NewJulfa, 437 art and religion in later Byzantine empire, i27-9

Bars'kyj's use of drawings in journal, 215, 222-4

communication of church dogma and saints' Lives via, 91

art and religion in later Byzantine empire (cont.) earthly and heavenly time in, 152-3 funeral and burial rites, 145-6 in funeral chapels, 98 liturgical year divine office and, 147 gospel lectionaries, 137-9 hagiographic collections, 141-3 homilies, collections of, 139 naos decoration and, 143-5 praxapostolos and prophetologion, 138 Mount Athos renovations of mid-sixteenth century 166 non-cyclical ecclesiastical rites, 144,145-6 polyvalent nature of,i52-3 art and religion in Russia diaspora, 555-6 iconostasis, 283-7 under Ivan IV, 290, 295-301 Kremlin, 265, 282, 286, 288, 292-5 Moscow, 281-3 Novgorod, 278-81 symbolists, 366

Tatar conquest, effect of, 276-8 women's devotional art, 264 Artazec'i, Zak'aria, 424 asceticism vs. hesychasm, 102,109 Asegean, Xoren, 449 Asen brothers, Bulgarian uprising of, i5-i6

Asot IV (Armenian king), 406 Assemani, Joseph Simon, 520 Assemani, Stephen Evodius, 520 associationism, 394

Assyrian Church. See Church of the East;

Nestorians Athanasios (ethnomartyr of Greek

Revolution), 230 Athanasios I (patriarch of Constantinople),

83, 89, 91,100 Athanasios (Mount Athos monk), i58

Athanasios of Nikomedeia, 230 Athanasios, St, 44, 505

liturgy of,409 Athonite Academy, 202, 205 Audo, Joseph, 528 Augsburg Confession presentation of copies to Orthodox, 188, i89

refutation by Orthodox, 190 Augustine of Hippo, St, 57, 428

autocephalous Orthodox churches Armenians, 407, 4i3, 447 Bulgarian exarchate, 240-4, 542 ecumenical patriarchate's resistance to,

237, 54i

Ethiopians, 484, 486, 487 Greek church ecumenical patriarchate's rejection and resolution of autocephaly of, 236 as model for autocephaly of other nationalist churches, 236, 238 Malankar Syriac church in India, 514 in modern world, 591-4 OCA (Orthodox Church of America), 592 Romania, 238-40 Russia, 253, 272, 275,305 Russian diaspora church, 557 Serbs, 237-8

state control of church and, 248 Yugoslavia and patriarchate of the Serbs, 238

Averroes (Ibn Rushd), 428 Avvakum, 313, 320, 321 Awanik', Matt'eos, 433

Awetik' (Ewdokac'i), Armenian patriarch, 440 Aygekc'i, Vardan, 414 Aynt'apc'i, Eliazar, 438 Ayvalik Academy, 208

Babic, Gordana, 128 Babik, Arak'el, 432 Bachkovo monastery, 37 Badr aTJamall, 375

Ba'eda Maryam (Ethiopian ruler), 471

aTBakri, 401

Balaban, Dmitrii, 312

Baldwin of Boulogne, 410

Balisec'i, Vardan, 440

Balitza, 27

Balkan Wars (1912-1913), 247 Balramian, Movses, 442 Balsamon, Theodore, 84 Banate of Severin, 26

banks of deposit, Mount Athos monasteries functioning as, 162-4 Banti Assal, 392, 400 baptism lay piety in Russia and, 355

naming of children, 94

triple immersion, Orthodox insistence on,

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