Bartolomeo da Poggio, 424, 426

BaSalota Mika'el, 468-9 Basel, Council of, 73

Baselyos (Gabra Giyorgis), Ethiopian bishop and patriarch, 484-7 Bashlr II al-Shehabi (Amir), 521 Basil I (emperor), 406

Basil II (emperor), Menologion of,i4i, 144,145-6

Basil, St, liturgy of, 84,127,129-30,134

Basil the Blessed, St, 258,300

Basil and Nikolai of Pskov, 48

Baybars (Mamluk sultan), 388, 402, 420

Bayezid II (sultan), 166,186

Belarus re-establishment of Orthodox hierarchy in,

306, 324

Russia, effect of separation from, 255 Russian occupation of, 312 Beliaev, Innokentii, 343 Belinskii, Vissarion, 357 Bellavin, Tikhon (American Orthodox bishop), 592 Bellavin, Tikhon (Russian patriarch), 325, 347,

558, 559

Benedict XII (pope), 427

Benjamin (ecumenical patriarch), 242

Berdi-Beg, khan, assassination of, 29

Berdyaev Nikolai, 587

betrothal rites in medieval Byzantium, 94-6

Bible. See scripture

Bidawid, Raphael, 529

birth control, 598


Coptic Christianity, episcopate of, 492, 507 Ethiopian Christianity, episcopate of.See

Ethiopian Christianity sanctuary space, portrayal in, 134-6 Black Death, 19, 277 Blakhernai, church of Virgin at, 87, 88 Blakhernai, council of,i59 Blastares, Matthew, 8 Blemmydes, Nikephoros, 56 Blok, Alexander, 253 Bloody Sunday (9 January 1905), 342 Bloom, Anthony 583 Blue Dormition, 28i Boca, Arsenie, 566 Bogdanov, Sila, 318 Bogdanovich, Aleksandra, 344 Bogoiavlenskii, Elevferii, 553 Bogoiavlenskii, Vladimir, 343

Bogoliubov, D. I., 345 Bogomils, 47,124, 254 Bohemond VI, prince of Antioch, 387 Bolkhovitinov Evgenii, 329 Bonaparte, Napoleon, 206, 441 Bondarchuk, Sergei, 574 books, art and religion. See also printing and publishing eastern monasteries under Islam, 397-401 Glajor Gospel, 425 under Ivan IV 295

in late Byzantine empire, 137-9,141-3 in Novgorod, 281

translations of scripture. See scripture Boretsky, Iov 306 Boris, St, 279, 295 Boris (king of Bulgaria), 561 Borisov, Innokentii, 331 Borovskii Gospels, 295 Boucher de la Richardiere, Fr., 491 Brachamios, Philaretos (Armenian prince), 408

brainwashing or re-education, 563-5 Brancoveanu monastery Romania, 566 Brankovic, George, 162,163 Brankovic, Maria (Mara), 164,175,177 Brest-Litovsk, pseudo-union of (1595), 193 Brezhnev, Leonid, 571 Brianchaninov, Ignatii, 332 bridges, chapels as part of,82 Britain

Church of the East and, 515

Coptic Christianity and British in Egypt,

Cyril I Loukaris's contacts with, 194

Orkneys poet Arnor, 3

Peter I influenced by Bishop Gilbert

Burnet, 327 Russian metropolitan received by

George VI, 547 Siberia, British missions in, 329 British and Foreign Bible Society, 360 Briusova, G. E., 288 Brock, Sebastian, 531 Brotherhood of Theologians (Zoe movement), 589 The Brothers Karamazov (Dostoevsky), 339 Broumalia, 99 Bruni, Leonardo, 76 Bukharev, Fedor, 336 Bulgakov, Sergii, 551, 552-4, 587 Bulgaria

Asen brothers, uprising of,i5-i6

Byzantine commonwealth, participation in, 7, 8, 52

communism and socialism in, 561-2, 575-6 conversion of, 4

diaspora, ecclesiastical authority over, 542 ecclesiastical emancipation of,240-4, 542 Ivan Alexander of,ii modern schism in church of,575-6 Mount Athos patronage and political aspirations of,i6 political independence following ecclesiastical emancipation, 241 Russia, sense of brotherhood with, 562 Slavonic textual community and, 7,36-9 Veliko T'movo hailed as 'new Tsargrad' by, i0

Buondelmonti, Cristoforo, 162

burial. See death

Burnet, Gilbert, 327

'Burning Bush' movement, 566

Byzantine Commonwealth. See also art and religion in later Byzantine empire; lay piety and religious experience in Byzantium Armenian Christianity and, 406-7, 413-15 beliefs, behaviours and assumptions, horizontal 'force field' of,46-9 decline of Byzantium as power, continued and increasing importance despite/because of, 12,14, 45 ecumenical patriarchate, imperial role of, 2i-8, 50

independent legitimacy of satellite kingdoms asserted by association with, 5-6, 35 monastic authority and concept of, 41-6 moral and religious role of emperor, 31 Mount Athos political implications of patronage of, i4-2i

Slavonic textual community created by,


Obolensky's institutional theory of, 6-7,12,

5i overarching imperial order, sense of, 33-6 persistence of Roman Empire in

Constantinople, commitment to concept of,io-ii as pole of Orthodox Church, removal of, i69

reality of, 50-2

Rus participation in, 8-ii, 28-33 significance and influence of,3-i4

and Slavonic textual community, 36-4i spirituality of Orthodoxy informed by 58i superordinate centres, Helms's theory of, i2

Byzantium and the west, relationship between, 53. See also union of Orthodox and Latin churches Andronikos Ill's reopening of negotiations, 62-4

Barlaam's on Latin and Greek theology, 62-5

friars' delegation to Byzantium (1234), 54-6 Gregory Palamas's reaction to Barlaam, 63-6

Italy and Latin Levantine, Greek-Latin relationships in, 69-73 John V Palaiologos's attempts at reunion, 67-8

Kydones brothers' translations of Thomas

Aquinas, 66-9 Latin conquest, effect of, 54-6. See also Latin conquest of Constantinople Michael VIII Palaiologos, overtures of, 56 obedience of Constantinople to Roman mother-church, papal insistence on,

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