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resistance of ecumenical patriarchate to autocephaly as epitome of opposition to nationalism, 237 in Romania, 238-40 in Russia encouragement of nationalism

(i9th-20th centuries), 241 in European context, 369 Kremlin, role of,292 lay piety and religious experience

rise of national consciousness

(1380-1589), 253 St Basil's Cathedral, Moscow, 299-300 Vladimir icon and, 286-7 Saguna, Andreiu, theories of,244-5 Serb uprising (1804-1831) and ecclesiastical autocephaly, 229, 237-8 state control of church, 232, 248 theory of ecumenical patriarchate's own nationalism, 243 Naupaktissa (icon of Virgin), 87 Nawruz, 423 Nazarean, Step'an, 447

Nazareth, purported site of Annunciation in, 2i6

Nazis and Russian diaspora, 546-7, 554

Nea Moni, monastery of (Chios), 160, 216,

218, 222, 227 Neilos Doxapatres, 414 Neilos (ecumenical patriarch), 47 Neilos ofAntioch, 45 Nektarios, St, i6i Nemanja, Stefan (Sava), 15-17,18 Nenadovic, Prota Matija, 237 Neophytos II (ecumenical patriarch), 194 Neophytos VII (ecumenical patriarch), 206

Neophytos of Talantion, 231 neoplatonism of Armenian Christianity, 426 of Barlaam of Calabria, 112 of Gregory of Sinai, 118 Nepliuev, Adrian Ivanovich, 22i, 228 Nerezi, church of, 150 Neronov, Ivan, 310, 313,317,320 Ners√ęs (brother of Grigor II), 410 Nersisyan, Garegin, 455 Nestor, St, 89

Nestorians, 377-8. See also Islam, eastern Christianities under arabisation of, 39i christological controversies of5th century, origins in, 375 crusades, effect of, 384, 385 division into interior (Mesopotamian) and exterior (Orient) provinces, 378 Jacobites and, 378

literary culture and learning of, 392, 393,

395, 397

modern Church of the East, 523-6. See also

Church ofthe East Mongol conquests, effect of, 386, 387 Syriac language and culture of,378 Nestorios (patriarch of Constantinople), 377 NewJulfa, Armenian community of, 435-7,

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